National Symbols of India

Last updated on April 14th, 2024 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

By Naeem Noor | Updated on April 14, 2024

Reviewed by Rittika

The Republic of India is a country located in South Asia. India is bordered by Pakistan to the West, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the Northeast, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the East. The capital of India is Delhi. India ranks second in the world after China in terms of population – about 1.2 billion people. The Constitution of India states that Hindi and English are the two working languages of the National Government, so they are the official languages.

More than 80% of the population of India profess Hinduism. Among the religions with a significant number of followers are Islam (13.4%), Christianity (2.3%), Sikhism (1.9%), Buddhism (0.8%), and Jainism (0.4%). In India, such religions as Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Baha’i, and others are also represented. Among the aboriginal population, which is 8.1%, animism is widespread.

The currency of India is the Indian rupee (in 1 rupee-100 paisa). The domain is .in and the country code is +91.

National symbols of India as the Bengal tiger and peacock are known to many. Also the sacred lotus flower, the mention of which can be found in myths and drawings is considered one of the national symbols of India. But not many people will remember the banyan tree, the tree forest under which the Buddha became enlightened.

Cows in India have long been considered sacred animals. Cow protection is a state-level issue. These animals calmly roam the streets, often interfering with traffic. Tourists should not offend cows, eat beef and speak unflatteringly about them.

Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum, one of the most grandiose monuments of Indian architecture with a chic interior and a stunning park. It is the last gift of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to his late wife Mumtaz Mahal, as well as the main and most popular attraction in the country.

Narendra Modi is the current Prime minister of India, and Ram Nath Kovind is the President.

What are the 17 symbols of India?

Here are the 17 national symbols of India:

  1. National Flag (Tiranga): A tricolor flag with horizontal stripes of saffron (courage and sacrifice), white (peace and truth), and green (fertility and prosperity).
    Flag map of India

  2. National Emblem (State Emblem of India): The Lion Capital of Ashoka, featuring four Asiatic lions standing back to back, symbolizing strength, courage, pride and confidence.

  3. National Anthem (Jana Gana Mana): A patriotic song composed by Rabindranath Tagore, adopted in 1950.
  4. National Song (Vande Mataram): A poem from Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s novel Anandamath, granted quasi-national song status in 1950.
  5. National Calendar (Saka Calendar): A lunisolar calendar with its epoch set in 78 CE.
  6. National Pledge: A solemn oath of allegiance to India.
  7. National Animal (Royal Bengal Tiger): The majestic Bengal tiger, representing power and wildlife heritage.National Animal of India - The Tiger
  8. National Bird (Indian Peacock): The Indian peafowl, known for its vibrant plumage and grace, symbolizing beauty and national pride.
    National bird of India - Indian peafowl

  9. National Flower (Lotus): The lotus flower, considered sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism, representing purity, spiritual growth, and detachment.
    National Flower of India -Lotus

  10. National Tree (Indian Banyan): The Indian banyan tree, known for its sprawling branches and aerial roots, symbolizing longevity and resilience.
    National Tree of India - Banyan

  11. National Fruit (Mango): The “king of fruits,” the mango, is a popular and delicious fruit native to India.National Fruit of India -Mango
  12. National Currency (Indian Rupee): The official currency of India.
  13. National River (Ganga): The Ganges River, considered sacred by Hindus, is a major source of water and spirituality.
  14. National River Dolphin (Ganges River Dolphin): The endangered Ganges river dolphin, a unique aquatic mammal found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers.
  15. National Heritage Animal (Indian Elephant): The Indian elephant, a symbol of strength, wisdom, and good luck.
  16. National Reptile (King Cobra): The world’s longest venomous snake, the king cobra, is a symbol of power and danger.
  17. National Vegetable (Pumpkin): The pumpkin, a versatile and nutritious vegetable, is considered a symbol of abundance and prosperity.

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of India can be found in the table of contents –


  • Naeem Noor

    As a graduate in Modern Literature, my fascination with symbolism, especially the symbolism of nations, drives my work at SymbolHunt. Through my articles, I passionately delve into the hidden meanings behind national emblems and motifs. Drawing on my expertise in language and culture, I invite readers to join me on a journey of exploration into the rich tapestry of symbolism that defines our world, fostering a deeper appreciation for our shared cultural heritage.

Country information

Former name(s) Jambu Dwipa
Official name(s) Republic of India
Alternative name(s) Republic of India (official, English), Bhārat (or Bhāratam official name in Hindi)
Regional location Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Country name etymology "Land of the Indus River", ultimately derived from Sanskrit Sindhu (सिन्धु), the original name of the Indus River
Climate Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in the north
Terrain Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in the south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in the west, Himalayas in the north
Population 1,380,004,385
National Day 15 Aug 1947
Language(s) Hindi
Religion Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, and Sikhism
Country code +91
Literacy rate 74.4%
Currency Indian rupee
Capital city New Delhi
Domain(TLD) .in
Ethnicity Indo-Aryan, Iranic, Nuristani, and Dravidian
Head of government Prime Minister
Nationality Indian
Driving side Drive on the Left-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 3,287,263 km² (1,269,219 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Average elevation 621 m (2,037 ft)
Coastline 7,000 km
Mains electricity 230 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of India

Flag map of India

Motto of India

सत्यमेव जयते - Satyameva Jayate - "Truth alone triumphs"

National animal of India

The National animal of India is The Tiger

National Animal of India - The Tiger

National flower of India

The National flower of India is Lotus. Botanical name is Nelumbo Nucifera.

National flower of India - Lotus

National bird of India

The National bird of India is Indian peafowl

National bird of India - Indian peafowl

Rest of the National symbols of India 👇

State symbols of India

Neighbouring countries of India

Indian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

There is no hand to catch time.

To give jewels to a donkey is as stupid as giving a eunuch to a woman.

He who dreams for too long will become like his shadow.

To control the mind is like trying to control a drunken monkey that has been bitten by a scorpion.

Whoever eats a pancake never counts the holes in it.

The thief that is not caught is a king.

When you are in difficulty, go to the house of your friend — not your sister’s.

He who does not climb, will not fall either.

When an elephant is in trouble, even a frog will kick him.

The man who has mounted an elephant will not fear the bark of a dog.

What good is giving sugar to the dead?

When a camel is at the foot of a mountain only then judge his height.

It is hard for an ex-king to become a night watchman.

Where the needle goes, the thread follows.

Don’t eat your bread on someone Else’s table.

Compare India with other countries


Compare India with its neighbours

Country location

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How to pronounce IndiaHow to pronounce India