The Republic of India is a country located in South Asia. India is bordered by Pakistan to the West, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the Northeast, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the East. The capital of India is Delhi. India ranks second in the world after China in terms of population – about 1.2 billion people. The Constitution of India states that Hindi and English are the two working languages of the National Government, so they are the official languages.
More than 80% of the population of India profess Hinduism. Among the religions with a significant number of followers are Islam (13.4%), Christianity (2.3%), Sikhism (1.9%), Buddhism (0.8%) and Jainism (0.4%). In India, such religions as Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Baha’i and others are also represented. Among the aboriginal population, which is 8.1%, animism is widespread.
The currency of India is the Indian rupee (in 1 rupee-100 paisa). The domain is .in and the country code is +91.
National symbols of India as the Bengal tiger and peacock are known to many. Also the sacred lotus flower, the mention of which can be found in myths and drawings is considered as one the national symbols of India. But not many people will remember about the banyan tree, the tree-forest under which the Buddha became enlightened.
Cows in India have long been considered sacred animals. Cow protection is a state-level issue. These animals calmly roam the streets, often interfering with traffic. Tourists should not offend cows, eat beef and speak unflatteringly about them.
Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum, one of the most grandiose monuments of Indian architecture with a chic interior and a stunning park. It is the last gift of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to his late wife Mumtaz Mahal, as well as the main and most popular attraction in the country.
|Official name(s)||Republic of India|
|Alternative name(s)||Republic of India (official, English), Bhārat (or Bhāratam official name in Hindi)|
|Regional location||Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan|
|Country name etymology||"Land of the Indus River", ultimately derived from Sanskrit Sindhu (सिन्धु), the original name of the Indus River.|
|Climate||Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north|
|Terrain||Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north|
|National Day||15 Aug 1947|
|Religion||Hinduism, Islam, Christianity & Sikhism|
|Capital city||New Delhi|
|Ethnicity||Indo-Aryan, Iranic, Nuristani & Dravidian|
|Head of government||Prime Minister|
|Driving side||Drive on the Left-hand side|
|Total area||3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)|
|Average elevation||621 m (2,037 ft)|
|Mains electricity||230 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of India is The Tiger
The National flower of India is Lotus. Botanical name is Nelumbo Nucifera.
The National bird of India is Indian peafowl
There is no hand to catch time. To give jewels to a donkey is as stupid as giving a eunuch to a woman. He who dreams for too long will become like his shadow. To control the mind is like trying to control a drunken monkey that has been bitten by a scorpion. Whoever eats a pancake never counts the holes in it. The thief that is not caught is a king. When you are in difficulty, go to the house of your friend — not your sister’s. He who does not climb, will not fall either. When an elephant is in trouble, even a frog will kick him. The man who has mounted an elephant will not fear the bark of a dog. What good is giving sugar to the dead? When a camel is at the foot of a mountain only then judge his height. It is hard for an ex-king to become a night watchman. Where the needle goes, the thread follows. Don’t eat your bread on someone Else’s table.