National Symbols of Nepal

Last updated on May 20th, 2023 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

By | Updated on May 20, 2023

Reviewed by Rittika

Nepal is a country with a rich culture and ancient history, for a long time it was considered a mythical and inaccessible country.

The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. The Kingdom of Nepal is located in southern Asia. In the southeast and west, it is neighboring India. To the north is the border with Tibet. Nepal has 9 of the highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest.

The official language of the population of Nepal is Nepali, belonging to the Indo-Aryan group of the Indo-European language family. The population of Nepal speaks seventy different languages and dialects. The most numerous ethnic groups and castes of Nepal: Nepalese-46%, Chhetri-12.8%, mountain Bahuns-12.7%, Magars-7.1%, Tharu-6.8%, Tamangs-5.6%, Newari-5.5%.

More than 81% of Nepalese people practice Hinduism, 9% – Buddhism, and more than 4% – Islam.

The culture of Nepal is a unique combination of ancient traditions and modern innovations. There are many ethnic groups living in this country, so the culture there is multi-ethnic. In Nepal, a huge number of holidays are celebrated, and most of them have cultural or religious significance. The longest festival in Nepal is Dashain, which takes place in September-October, it is dedicated to the victory over the demon king.

Food in Nepal is as varied as the country itself. In general, the cuisine of Nepal is very similar to Indian cuisine. The main local dish is “dal”, which is made from rice with lentils and vegetable curry. People add a lot of spices and soy to the dal. The traditional non-alcoholic drink is black tea.

The Nepalese rupee is the official currency in Nepal (its international designation: NPR). One Nepali rupee = 100 paisam.

National day is 19th September. The national holiday is dedicated to the date of the adoption of the Constitution of Nepal in 2015.

The national symbols of Nepal are their Emblem, the Flag, and the National Anthem. Sayaun Thunga Phulka (Made of Hundreds of Flowers) is the national anthem of Nepal, adopted after the abolition of the monarchy on August 3, 2007, and written in the national style. Also, the Himalayan monal, the Rhododendron, and the fig are considered national symbols of Nepal.

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Nepal can be found in the table of contents –


  • Naeem Noor

    As a graduate in Modern Literature, my fascination with symbolism, especially the symbolism of nations, drives my work at SymbolHunt. Through my articles, I passionately delve into the hidden meanings behind national emblems and motifs. Drawing on my expertise in language and culture, I invite readers to join me on a journey of exploration into the rich tapestry of symbolism that defines our world, fostering a deeper appreciation for our shared cultural heritage.

Country information

Former name(s) Gorkha kingdom
Official name(s) Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Alternative name(s) Federal Democratic Republic Of Nepal (official, English)
Regional location Southern Asia, between China and India
Country name etymology The name "Nepal" is derived from"Nepa" literally means "those who domesticate cattle"
Climate Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in the south
Terrain Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in the south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in the north
Population 29,136,808
National Day 19 Sep 2015
Language(s) Nepali
Religion Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Kirant & Christianity
Country code +977
Literacy rate 68%
Currency Nepalese rupee
Capital city Kathmandu
Domain(TLD) .np
Ethnicity Chhetri, Bahun, Magar, Tharu, and Tamang
Head of government Prime Minister
Nationality Nepali
Driving side Drive on the Left-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 147,516 km² (56,956 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+05:45 (Nepal Standard Time)
Average elevation 3,265 m (10,712 ft)
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Mains electricity 230 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Nepal

Flag map of Nepal

Motto of Nepal

"Mother and motherland are greater than heaven"

National animal of Nepal

The National animal of Nepal is Cow

National Animal of Nepal - Cow

National flower of Nepal

The National flower of Nepal is Rhododendron. Botanical name is Azakeas.

National flower of Nepal - Rhododendron

National bird of Nepal

The National bird of Nepal is Himalayan monal

National bird of Nepal - Himalayan monal

Rest of the National symbols of Nepal 👇

Neighbouring countries of Nepal

Nepali Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

Someone who had nothing got bananas; he ate it without peeling it.

The farmer grows the corn, but the bear eats it.

When there is opportunity you have to be ready to break a diamond.

If you do right things, you don’t have to worry.

Explaining heaven to the King of Gods.

Look at the neck and swallow the bone.

Eating potato but boasting to be eating sweets.

Hold short services for minor gods.

Vanity blossoms but bears no fruit.

Compare Nepal with other countries


Compare Nepal with its neighbours

Country location

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National Flag of Nepal ????????

How to pronounce NepalHow to pronounce Nepal