Last updated on May 20th, 2023 by Editorial Staff
Nepal is a country with a rich culture and ancient history, for a long time it was considered a mythical and inaccessible country.
The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. The Kingdom of Nepal is located in southern Asia. In the southeast and west, it is neighboring India. To the north is the border with Tibet. Nepal has 9 of the highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest.
The official language of the population of Nepal is Nepali, belonging to the Indo-Aryan group of the Indo-European language family. The population of Nepal speaks seventy different languages and dialects. The most numerous ethnic groups and castes of Nepal: Nepalese-46%, Chhetri-12.8%, mountain Bahuns-12.7%, Magars-7.1%, Tharu-6.8%, Tamangs-5.6%, Newari-5.5%.
More than 81% of Nepalese people practice Hinduism, 9% – Buddhism, and more than 4% – Islam.
The culture of Nepal is a unique combination of ancient traditions and modern innovations. There are many ethnic groups living in this country, so the culture there is multi-ethnic. In Nepal, a huge number of holidays are celebrated, and most of them have cultural or religious significance. The longest festival in Nepal is Dashain, which takes place in September-October, it is dedicated to the victory over the demon king.
Food in Nepal is as varied as the country itself. In general, the cuisine of Nepal is very similar to Indian cuisine. The main local dish is “dal”, which is made from rice with lentils and vegetable curry. People add a lot of spices and soy to the dal. The traditional non-alcoholic drink is black tea.
The Nepalese rupee is the official currency in Nepal (its international designation: NPR). One Nepali rupee = 100 paisam.
National day is 19th September. The national holiday is dedicated to the date of the adoption of the Constitution of Nepal in 2015.
The national symbols of Nepal are their Emblem, the Flag, and the National Anthem. Sayaun Thunga Phulka (Made of Hundreds of Flowers) is the national anthem of Nepal, adopted after the abolition of the monarchy on August 3, 2007, and written in the national style. Also, the Himalayan monal, the Rhododendron, and the fig are considered national symbols of Nepal.
– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Nepal can be found in the table of contents –
|Former name(s)||Gorkha kingdom|
|Official name(s)||Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal|
|Alternative name(s)||Federal Democratic Republic Of Nepal (official, English)|
|Regional location||Southern Asia, between China and India|
|Country name etymology||The name "Nepal" is derived from"Nepa" literally means "those who domesticate cattle"|
|Climate||Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in the south|
|Terrain||Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in the south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in the north|
|National Day||19 Sep 2015|
|Religion||Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Kirant & Christianity|
|Ethnicity||Chhetri, Bahun, Magar, Tharu, and Tamang|
|Head of government||Prime Minister|
|Driving side||Drive on the Left-hand side|
|Total area||147,516 km² (56,956 sq mi)|
|Timezone||UTC+05:45 (Nepal Standard Time)|
|Average elevation||3,265 m (10,712 ft)|
|Coastline||0 km (landlocked)|
|Mains electricity||230 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
"Mother and motherland are greater than heaven"
The National animal of Nepal is Cow
The National flower of Nepal is Rhododendron. Botanical name is Azakeas.
The National bird of Nepal is Himalayan monal
Someone who had nothing got bananas; he ate it without peeling it. The farmer grows the corn, but the bear eats it. When there is opportunity you have to be ready to break a diamond. If you do right things, you don’t have to worry. Explaining heaven to the King of Gods. Look at the neck and swallow the bone. Eating potato but boasting to be eating sweets. Hold short services for minor gods. Vanity blossoms but bears no fruit.