Last updated on May 20th, 2023 by Editorial Staff
The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world by area. The territory of Russia covers an area of about 17.1 million square kilometers. Russia is located on the mainland of Eurasia. In the East, the country is washed by the Sea of Japan, in the North – the Barents, Kara, and Chukchi, in the West – the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, in the South – the Black and Azov Seas.
The official language in all the territories of the Russian Federation is Russian. The domain is .ru and the country code is +7. The capital city of the Russian Federation is Moscow.
There are 7 nations in the Russian Federation with a population of more than 1 million: Russians (80.9%), Tatars (3.87%), Ukrainians (1.41%), Bashkirs (1.16%), Chuvash (1.05%), Chechens (1.04%) and Armenians (0.86%).
Among the religious denominations, the most numerous is the Orthodox, the inhabitants of multinational Russia also profess Islam, Catholicism, Judaism, and Buddhism.
The monetary unit is the Russian ruble (1 ruble = 100 kopecks). The designation of the ruble is RUB.
The national day of the Russian Federation is 12 June. It is a state holiday of the Russian Federation. It has been celebrated annually since 1992 on the day of the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the RSFSR on June 12, 1990.
The national symbols of Russia are the Russian flag, the Coat of Arms, and the National Anthem. The main elements of the Coat of Arms of Russia — a double-headed eagle and a horseman with a spear striking a snake-were established as national symbols of Russia in the XV century.
The brown bear has been considered the national animal of Russia since ancient times. The bear was associated with the totem cults of many peoples of Russia, and later it became one of the main characters of Russian fairy tales.
Monomakh’s Cap is considered the national symbol of Russia, which represents power. The legendary headdress made of precious materials dates back to the XIII century, although in the XV—XVI centuries, according to legend, it was attributed to Grand Duke Vladimir Monomakh. It represents the rise of Moscow over the other principalities of former Russia.
– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Russia can be found in the table of contents –
|Former name(s)||Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic|
|Official name(s)||Russian Federation|
|Alternative name(s)||Russian Federation (official, English)|
|Regional location||North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean|
|Country name etymology||English and Russian from Rosia or Rossiya, from the Byzantine Greek Rōsía (Ρωσία), meaning "Land of the Rōs"|
|Climate||Ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast|
|Terrain||Broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions|
|National Day||12 Jun 1990|
|Religion||Christianity Russian Orthodoxy|
|Ethnicity||Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian, and Bashkir|
|Head of government||Prime Minister|
|Driving side||Drive on the Right-hand side|
|Total area||17,098,246 km² (6,601,670 sq mi)|
|Timezone||UTC+2 to +12|
|Average elevation||600 m (1,969 ft)|
|Mains electricity||230 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of Russia is Eurasian brown bear
The National flower of Russia is Chamomile. Botanical name is Matricaria chamomilla.
The National bird of Russia is Double-headed eagle
Even the sword doesn’t cut the head of the one who confesses. If God listened to every shepherd’s curse, our sheep would all be dead. There may be deep bottoms in still waters. Once you have fallen into the water, you’re not scared of water any more. Habit is a shirt that we wear till death. Bad news doesn’t rest peacefully. A boat stands firmer with two anchors. When Anger and Revenge get married, their daughter is called Cruelty. Live and scratch — when you’re dead the itching will stop. A day is long, but a lifetime is short. The bear dances but the tamer collects the money.