National Symbols of Russia

Last updated on May 20th, 2023 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

By | Updated on May 20, 2023

Reviewed by Rittika

The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world by area. The territory of Russia covers an area of about 17.1 million square kilometers. Russia is located on the mainland of Eurasia. In the East, the country is washed by the Sea of Japan, in the North – the Barents, Kara, and Chukchi, in the West – the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, in the South – the Black and Azov Seas.

The official language in all the territories of the Russian Federation is Russian. The domain is .ru and the country code is +7. The capital city of the Russian Federation is Moscow.

There are 7 nations in the Russian Federation with a population of more than 1 million: Russians (80.9%), Tatars (3.87%), Ukrainians (1.41%), Bashkirs (1.16%), Chuvash (1.05%), Chechens (1.04%) and Armenians (0.86%).

Among the religious denominations, the most numerous is the Orthodox, the inhabitants of multinational Russia also profess Islam, Catholicism, Judaism, and Buddhism.

The monetary unit is the Russian ruble (1 ruble = 100 kopecks). The designation of the ruble is RUB.

The national day of the Russian Federation is 12 June. It is a state holiday of the Russian Federation. It has been celebrated annually since 1992 on the day of the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the RSFSR on June 12, 1990.

The national symbols of Russia are the Russian flag, the Coat of Arms, and the National Anthem. The main elements of the Coat of Arms of Russia — a double-headed eagle and a horseman with a spear striking a snake-were established as national symbols of Russia in the XV century.

The brown bear has been considered the national animal of Russia since ancient times. The bear was associated with the totem cults of many peoples of Russia, and later it became one of the main characters of Russian fairy tales.

Monomakh’s Cap is considered the national symbol of Russia, which represents power. The legendary headdress made of precious materials dates back to the XIII century, although in the XV—XVI centuries, according to legend, it was attributed to Grand Duke Vladimir Monomakh. It represents the rise of Moscow over the other principalities of former Russia.

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Russia can be found in the table of contents –


  • Naeem Noor

    As a graduate in Modern Literature, my fascination with symbolism, especially the symbolism of nations, drives my work at SymbolHunt. Through my articles, I passionately delve into the hidden meanings behind national emblems and motifs. Drawing on my expertise in language and culture, I invite readers to join me on a journey of exploration into the rich tapestry of symbolism that defines our world, fostering a deeper appreciation for our shared cultural heritage.

Country information

Former name(s) Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Official name(s) Russian Federation
Alternative name(s) Russian Federation (official, English)
Regional location North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean
Country name etymology English and Russian from Rosia or Rossiya, from the Byzantine Greek Rōsía (Ρωσία), meaning "Land of the Rōs"
Climate Ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast
Terrain Broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions
Population 145,934,462
National Day 12 Jun 1990
Language(s) Russian
Religion Christianity Russian Orthodoxy
Country code +7
Literacy rate 99.7%
Currency Russian ruble
Capital city Moscow
Domain(TLD) .ru
Ethnicity Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian, and Bashkir
Head of government Prime Minister
Nationality Russian
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 17,098,246 km² (6,601,670 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+2 to +12
Average elevation 600 m (1,969 ft)
Coastline 37,653 km
Mains electricity 230 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Russia

Flag map of Russia

Motto of Russia

No official motto

National animal of Russia

The National animal of Russia is Eurasian brown bear

National Animal of Russia - Eurasian brown bear

National flower of Russia

The National flower of Russia is Chamomile. Botanical name is Matricaria chamomilla.

National flower of Russia - Chamomile

National bird of Russia

The National bird of Russia is Double-headed eagle

National bird of Russia - Double-headed eagle

Rest of the National symbols of Russia 👇

State symbols of Russia

Neighbouring countries of Russia

Russian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

Even the sword doesn’t cut the head of the one who confesses.

If God listened to every shepherd’s curse, our sheep would all be dead.

There may be deep bottoms in still waters.

Once you have fallen into the water, you’re not scared of water any more.

Habit is a shirt that we wear till death.

Bad news doesn’t rest peacefully.

A boat stands firmer with two anchors.

When Anger and Revenge get married, their daughter is called Cruelty.

Live and scratch — when you’re dead the itching will stop.

A day is long, but a lifetime is short.

The bear dances but the tamer collects the money.

Compare Russia with other countries


Compare Russia with its neighbours

Country location

Guess the Flags Quiz

Sharing is caring 🤗

National Flag of Russia ????????

How to pronounce RussiaHow to pronounce Russia