The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world by area. The territory of Russia covers an area of about 17.1 million square kilometers. Russia is located on the mainland of Eurasia. In the East, the country is washed by the Sea of Japan, in the North – the Barents, Kara and Chukchi, in the West – the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, in the South – the Black and Azov Seas.
Official language in all the territory of the Russian Federation is Russian. The domain is .ru and the country code is +7. The capital city of Russian Federation is Moscow.
There are 7 nations in the Russian Federation with a population of more than 1 million: Russians (80.9%), Tatars (3.87%), Ukrainians (1.41%), Bashkirs (1.16%), Chuvash (1.05%), Chechens (1.04%) and Armenians (0.86%).
Among the religious denominations, the most numerous is the Orthodox, the inhabitants of multinational Russia also profess Islam, Catholicism, Judaism, and Buddhism.
The monetary unit is the Russian ruble (1 ruble = 100 kopecks). The designation of ruble is RUB.
National day of Russian Federation is 12 June. It is a state holiday of the Russian Federation. It has been celebrated annually since 1992 on the day of the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the RSFSR on June 12, 1990.
The national symbols of Russia are Russian flag, Coat of Arms and their National Anthem. The main elements of the Coat of Arms of Russia — a double-headed eagle and a horseman with a spear striking a snake-were established as national symbols of Russia in the XV century.
The brown bear has been considered the national animal of Russia since ancient times. The bear was associated with the totem cults of many peoples of Russia, and later it became one of the main characters of Russian fairy tales.
Monomakh’s Cap is considered the national symbol of Russia, which represents power. The legendary headdress made of precious materials dates back to the XIII century, although in the XV—XVI centuries, according to legend, it was attributed to the Grand Duke Vladimir Monomakh. It represents the rise of Moscow over the other principalities of former Russia.View the national symbols of Russian Federation below: