Great Britain is a small country in the north-west of Europe. The full name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The capital of Great Britain is London. It consists of four “historical provinces”: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The state is located in the British Isles. The area of great Britain is 243 809 km2.
National composition: English-81.5%, Scottish-9.6%, Irish-2.4%, Welsh-1.9%, people from the West Indies, India, Pakistan, etc. – 2.8%. Languages: English, Welsh (spoken by about a quarter of the population of Wales), Scottish dialect of Gaelic (about 60 thousand people in Scotland).
The state religion is Anglican (27 million people) in England and Wales (the head of the church is the monarch), Presbyterian in Scotland (headed by the General Assembly, which includes representatives of both clergy and laity), Roman Catholic – 9 million people, Muslims – 1.6 million people.
The state currency is the pound sterling, Pound, British Pound (£) .1 The pound sterling consists of 100 pence.
Country code of United Kingdom is +44 and the domain is .uk.
The national symbols of Great Britain are its flag, the Royal Coat of Arms and the national anthem.
During the heyday of Great Britain as a colonial power, British cuisine was strongly influenced by the cuisine of “overseas” countries, primarily India. For example, the Anglo-Indian chicken dish — tikka masala – is considered a real British “national dish”.
The most popular sports in the UK are: football, cricket, rugby, golf, track and field, badminton, squash and curling. In England and Scotland, football is considered as a national sport, and it is a passion of many Britons.
Tea is a traditional British drink. So, the British drink 165 million cups of tea every day, while the majority (98%) drink it with milk, and only 30% add sugar to tea. Tea is not only a traditional drink, but one of the national symbols of Britain.
|Former name(s)||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|
|Official name(s)||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland|
|Alternative name(s)||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (official, English)|
|Regional location||Western Europe, islands - including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland - between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea; northwest of France|
|Country name etymology||Self-descriptive; short-form name of "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland"|
|Climate||Temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast|
|Terrain||Mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast|
|National Day||23 Apr 2021|
|Religion||Christianity, Islam, Traditional faiths|
|Ethnicity||White, Asian, Black Mixed|
|Head of government||Prime Minister|
|Driving side||Drive on the Left-hand side|
|Total area||242,495 km2 (93,628 sq mi)|
|Timezone||UTC (Greenwich Mean Time, WET)|
|Average elevation||162 m (531 ft)|
|Mains electricity||230 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of United Kingdom is Lion
The National flower of United Kingdom is Rose. Botanical name is Rosa.
The National bird of United Kingdom is Robin
A goose quill is more dangerous than a lion’s claw. What will be, will be. If you don’t have anything nice to say, don’t say anything at all. Many hands make light work. Well begun is half done. Let every man praise the bridge he goes over. Don’t judge a man until you have walked a mile in his shoes. A full cup must be carried steadily. There’s no place like home. Strike while the iron is hot. Absence is a shrew. A ragged colt may make a good horse. Make not your sail too big for your ballast. Death always comes too early or too late. He laughs best who laughs last. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Big thunder, little rain.