National Symbols of France

Last updated on August 27th, 2023 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

By | Updated on August 27, 2023

Reviewed by Rittika

France is one of the oldest nations globally, and it is the most ethnically diverse country in Europe. The official name of France is French Republic. Its deep and broad influences made France a world leader in many aspects of culture like cuisine, politics, philosophy, music, cinema, and art… It is the largest country in western Europe and is also referred to as “Grande Nation.

”Liberté, égalité, fraternité – Liberty, equality, fraternity” is the French national motto initially used in the French Revolution. This motto can also be found in the French flag, which consists of three vertical bands; blue symbolizing liberty, white symbolizing equality, and red symbolizing fraternity.

The country’s ethnicity consists of French citizens and foreign nationals from many countries, especially from Africa. Paris is the capital and the largest city in France with its vast history. French is the official national language. The majority of France’s population is mostly Christian, and Roman Catholic, while there are also Protestant and Islamic minorities. As one of the European Union’s core members, France uses the “Euro” national money. The country code is “+33,” and the national domain is “.fr”.

The founder and the first king of France are Hugh Capet. The national hero and one of France’s national symbols are “Joan of Arc,” “the maid of Orleans,” with her accomplishments on the battlefield during the Hundred Years’ War. France’s national day is the 14th of July, during which the “Storming of the Bastille” happened, the flashpoint of the French Revolution in 1789.

France has many national symbols, including the world-famous Eifel Tower, Louvre Museum, and Notre Dame Cathedral. The national mausoleum is the “Place du Pantheon,” designed by the famous French architect Jacques-Germain Soufflot.

France’s national dance is called “branle,” a chain dance characterized by its side-to-side movements. France has one of the richest cuisines in the world. The national food is “Pot-A-Feu,” the French beef stew, while cheese and wine are two national symbols and France’s culinary lifestyle. “Pastis,” the anis liquor, is considered the country’s national beverage. The national dress is “Chemise,” a knee-length cotton or linen shirt, considered an undergarment for both men and women in the 18th century.

“Yew Tree,” symbolizing rebirth and change, is France’s national tree; however, they are rare in the country’s fauna. “The Gallic Rooster” is the unofficial national symbol and France’s national bird.

Having a robust culture, France has many national writers and poets, the most important are Victor Hugo and Charles Baudelaire. The country’s national instrument is the violin or, in colloquial terms, “the fiddle.” The national sport and the most-watched sport in France is football. France also has an airline called “Airfrance.”

Jean Castex is the current Prime minister of France, and Emmanuel Macron is the President.

– Learn about France flag color codes and their meanings –

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of France can be found in the table of contents –


  • Naeem Noor

    As a graduate in Modern Literature, my fascination with symbolism, especially the symbolism of nations, drives my work at SymbolHunt. Through my articles, I passionately delve into the hidden meanings behind national emblems and motifs. Drawing on my expertise in language and culture, I invite readers to join me on a journey of exploration into the rich tapestry of symbolism that defines our world, fostering a deeper appreciation for our shared cultural heritage.

Country information

Former name(s) Gaul
Official name(s) French Republic
Alternative name(s) French Republic (official, English)
Regional location Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain
Country name etymology "Land of the Franks", Anglicised from Late Latin Francia, from Old Frankish Franko
Climate Generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral
Terrain Mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in south, Alps in east
Population 65,273,511
National Day 14 Jul 1789
Language(s) French
Religion Christianity
Country code +33
Literacy rate 99%
Currency Euro
Capital city Paris
Domain(TLD) .fr
Ethnicity French citizens & foreign nationals
Head of government Prime Minister
Nationality French
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 640,679 km² (247,368 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+1 (Central European Time)
Average elevation 375 m (1,230 ft)
Coastline 4,853 km
Mains electricity 230 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of France

Flag map of France

Motto of France

Liberté, égalité, fraternité - "Liberty, equality, fraternity"

National animal of France

The National animal of France is Gallic Rooster

National Animal of France - Gallic Rooster

National flower of France

The National flower of France is Lilly. Botanical name is Lilium.

National bird of France

The National bird of France is Gallic Rooster

National bird of France - Gallic Rooster

Rest of the National symbols of France 👇

Neighbouring countries of France

French Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

What is learned in the cradle lasts to the grave.

It’s a big wind that blows on small doors.

Honey in the mouth, bile in the heart.

The heart sees farther than the head.

Men leap over where the hedge is lower.

Who can’t pretend cannot govern.

It is easier to abstain than to restrain.

A sin that is hidden is half forgiven.

Where wine appears the doctor disappears.

He who does not advance goes backwards.

Repentance costs dear.

The apple does not fall far from the tree.

What goes around comes around.

Nothing is such a heavy burden as a secret is.

He who wants to conquer lechery must flee from it.

Compare France with other countries


Compare France with its neighbours

Country location

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