Turkey is a unique country located partly in Asia and partly in Europe. Situated as a bridge between two continents, Turkey has a vast ethnic diversity, including Turks, Kurds, Albanians, Arabs, Armenians, Assyrians, Azerbaijanis, and Bosniaks. Turkey is also the only Muslim country located physically in Europe. Although the largest city and seaport is Istanbul, the capital is Ankara in the middle of the country. The official language is Turkish, while the monetary unit is Turkish Lira (TL).
The country was founded by the national hero Mustafa Kemal Ataturk on 29 October 1923 after the Turkish War of Independence. Turkey’s national flag is a white crescent moon and a star on a red background.
Kebab is one of Turkey’s national symbols and dishes widely popular globally. As a legacy from their shamanic roots, the Turkish see “the gray wolf” as their national symbol and animal. While tulips are the national flower, Turkey Oaks are the national trees that grow almost everywhere in the country. Bald eagles are exceptional animals unique to Turkey that are in danger of extinction.
The symbolic dress of Turkey is loose-cut cloth pants that are called salwar. There are many different cultural dances within Turkey’s diverse ethnicity like Horon, Ciftetelli, Zeybek, Halay…
The National Ascension Monument located in Antalya and the Republic Monument in Taksim, the heart of Istanbul, the Bosphorus bridge connecting two continents,” and the Maiden Tower on the waters of Bosphorus are the most popular national monuments. Anıtkabir, where the national hero Ataturk’s tomb is located, is Turkey’s most visited museum.
While football is the most popular sport in the country, the national sport is oil wrestling which is still being practiced in some cities. The country’s most famous poets are Mehmet Akif Ersoy, the writer of the national anthem’s lyrics, and Nazım Hikmet, a widely renowned leftist poet exiled from the country.
Even though it is a Muslim country, Turkey has its own alcoholic beverage, “Raki,” which is a prevalent national symbol and made from anis.
|Official name(s)||Republic of Turkey|
|Alternative name(s)||Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (official, Turkish)|
|Regional location||Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria|
|Country name etymology||"Land of the Turks", Latin Turcia and Arabic Turkiyye, an ethnic group whose name derives from their endonym Türk ("created").|
|Climate||Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior|
|Terrain||High central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges|
|National Day||29 Oct 1923|
|Ethnicity||Kurds, Albanians, Arabs, Armenians, Assyrians, Azerbaijanis, Bosniaks|
|Head of government||President|
|Driving side||Drive on the Right-hand side|
|Total area||783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi)|
|Average elevation||1,132 m (3,714 ft)|
|Mains electricity||230 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of Turkiye is Gray Wolf
The National flower of Turkiye is Tulips. Botanical name is Tulipa.
The National bird of Turkiye is Bald eagle
Not knowing is not shameful, not asking is. Keep the tongue in your mouth a prisoner. If you look for a faultless woman, you will remain a bachelor. Sighs never fall on the ground. A tongue has no bones but it can break. The highway is always shorter than the unknown side roads. Tell a lie on Saturday and you will be ashamed on Sunday. Such father, such son. One hour of justice is worth seventy hours of prayer. To live in peace one must be blind, deaf, and mute. The dog that barks much does not bite. He, who gets up in anger, sits down with a loss. If your beard’s on fire, others will light their pipes on it. The sheep separated from the flock is eaten by the wolf. A building without foundation is soon demolished. He who controls his tongue, saves his head.