National Symbols of Syria

Syria, officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic is a country located in the Middle East in Western Asia. Damascus, the capital, is the major cultural center in the region. The majority of Syrians are Muslims, with a minority of Christians and Druze. Arabic is the official language while the Syrian Pound (SYP) is the national currency.

Syria was ruled by General Hafez Al Assad for three decades. Syria’s National day is celebrated on the 17th of April marking the evacuation of French soldiers in Syria putting an end to the French mandate over the country.

The four national colors that appear on the Syrian flag are white, red, green, and black. The Syrian emblem is symbolized by the hawk of Quraish holding a shield with the Syrian National Flag. The national anthem “Ḥumāt ad-Diyār was written by Khalil Mardam Bey and the music was composed by Mohammed Flayfel.

Dabkeh, a traditional folk dance combining circular and line dancing, is popular all over Syria. Thus it is considered the national dance. Men’s national dress is a long gown called Kaftan while women wear a long robe known as Abaya.

Syria is known for its rich middle-eastern cuisine. One of the most popular national dishes is Kibbeh which consists of bulgur mixed with ground meat and spices to be served in various ways. No gathering or visit is complete without coffee! Thus coffee is the most popular drink in the country.

The olive tree is not just the national tree of Syria, it is also a symbol of life and dignity. The fragrant Jasmine is the national flower. It is widely cultivated in Syria, to the extent that Damascus was called the City of Jasmine.

The Syrian Brown Bear is the national animal of Syria while Northern Bald Ibis is the national bird.

Football is the most popular sport in the country; thus it’s Syria’s national sport.

Country information

Official name(s) The Syrian Arab Republic
Alternative name(s) Syrian Arab Republic
Regional location Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey
Country name etymology Unknown
Climate Mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
Terrain Primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west
Population 17,500,658
National Day 17 Apr 1946
Language(s) Arabic
Religion Islam, Christianity, Druzism
Country code +963
Literacy rate 80.8%
Currency Syrian Pound
Capital city Damascus
ISO SYR
Domain(TLD) .sy
Ethnicity N/A
Head of government Prime Minister
Nationality Syrian
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 185,180 km2 (71,500 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+2 (EET)
Average elevation 514 m (1,686 ft)
Coastline 193 Km
Mains electricity 220 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Syria

Flag map of Syria

Motto of Syria

Waḥdah, Ḥurrīyah, Ishtirākīyah- "Unity, Freedom, Socialism"

National animal of Syria

The National animal of Syria is Syrian Brown Bear

National Animal of Syria - Syrian Brown Bear

National flower of Syria

The National flower of Syria is Jasmine. Botanical name is Jasminum.

National flower of Syria - Jasmine

National bird of Syria

The National bird of Syria is Northern bald Ibis

National bird of Syria - Northern bald Ibis

Rest of the National symbols of Syria 👇

Neighbouring countries of Syria

Syrian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

Patience is the key to relief.

The cloth of shame does not warm and if it does, it does so only briefly

When we decided to trade coffins, people decided not to die.

Tell me your friends, and I’ll tell you who you are.

The land is cultivated by its own oxen.

In every village there is a path that leads to the mill.

Turn the pot upside down; the girl will still be like her mother.

Dwell not upon thy weariness, thy strength shall be according to the measure of thy desire.

With the lack of horses, we saddle the dogs!

God sends almonds to those without teeth!

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National Flag of Syria 🇸🇾