Syria, officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic is a country located in the Middle East in Western Asia. Damascus, the capital, is the major cultural center in the region. The majority of Syrians are Muslims, with a minority of Christians and Druze. Arabic is the official language while the Syrian Pound (SYP) is the national currency.
Syria was ruled by General Hafez Al Assad for three decades. Syria’s National day is celebrated on the 17th of April marking the evacuation of French soldiers in Syria putting an end to the French mandate over the country.
The four national colors that appear on the Syrian flag are white, red, green, and black. The Syrian emblem is symbolized by the hawk of Quraish holding a shield with the Syrian National Flag. The national anthem “Ḥumāt ad-Diyār was written by Khalil Mardam Bey and the music was composed by Mohammed Flayfel.
Dabkeh, a traditional folk dance combining circular and line dancing, is popular all over Syria. Thus it is considered the national dance. Men’s national dress is a long gown called Kaftan while women wear a long robe known as Abaya.
Syria is known for its rich middle-eastern cuisine. One of the most popular national dishes is Kibbeh which consists of bulgur mixed with ground meat and spices to be served in various ways. No gathering or visit is complete without coffee! Thus coffee is the most popular drink in the country.
The olive tree is not just the national tree of Syria, it is also a symbol of life and dignity. The fragrant Jasmine is the national flower. It is widely cultivated in Syria, to the extent that Damascus was called the City of Jasmine.
Football is the most popular sport in the country; thus it’s Syria’s national sport.
|Official name(s)||The Syrian Arab Republic|
|Alternative name(s)||Syrian Arab Republic|
|Regional location||Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey|
|Country name etymology||Unknown|
|Climate||Mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus|
|Terrain||Primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west|
|National Day||17 Apr 1946|
|Religion||Islam, Christianity, Druzism|
|Head of government||Prime Minister|
|Driving side||Drive on the Right-hand side|
|Total area||185,180 km2 (71,500 sq mi)|
|Average elevation||514 m (1,686 ft)|
|Mains electricity||220 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of Syria is Syrian Brown Bear
The National flower of Syria is Jasmine. Botanical name is Jasminum.
The National bird of Syria is Northern bald Ibis
Patience is the key to relief. The cloth of shame does not warm and if it does, it does so only briefly When we decided to trade coffins, people decided not to die. Tell me your friends, and I’ll tell you who you are. The land is cultivated by its own oxen. In every village there is a path that leads to the mill. Turn the pot upside down; the girl will still be like her mother. Dwell not upon thy weariness, thy strength shall be according to the measure of thy desire. With the lack of horses, we saddle the dogs! God sends almonds to those without teeth!