Stretching south from the Pyrenees Mountains to the Strait of Gibraltar, Spain occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula. Also ruling two cities in North Africa and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, Spain consists of stone castles, snow-capped mountains, vast monuments, and sophisticated cities. The country has a vast diversity in ethnicity with Catalans, Andalusians, Valencians, Balearics, Canarians, Basques & Galicians. Most of the ethnic groups in Spain have autonomous rights. The capital and the largest city are Madrid, while Catalan capital Barcelona is the most visited city. Castilian Spanish is the official national language, as other Spanish dialects are official in autonomous states. The national motto is “Plus Ultra – Further Beyond” The majority of the population is Roman Catholic. As a member of the European Union, Spain uses the “Euro” as their national money. The country code is “+34”, as the national domain is “.es.”
The founder of Spain is Ferdinand II of Aragon, the first king of de facto Spain after the Iberian Wedding that united the kingdoms of Castille and Aragon. The national hero is Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar or commonly known as El Cid, who was a Castillan knight and warlord, conquering the Iberian Peninsula back from the Muslims. The national day of Spain is 12 October, the date Christopher Columbus first set foot in the Americas in 1492. Spain’s flag consists of two red stripes and a yellow stripe in between. The Spanish emblem, which is also on the flag, depicts Hercules’ crown-topped pillars with red banners displaying the national motto. Red and gold are the national colors of Spain.
Spain has many national symbols: The national monument is the “Alhambra Palace” in Granada that has been built by Andalusia. The national mausoleum is “Mausoleum de Pozo Moro,” which is the oldest known Iberian grave monument.
One of Spain’s national symbols is “the bull,” a symbol of virtues. Spain has a national bird, the “Iberian Imperial Eagle,” an endemic species of the Iberian Peninsula under threat of extinction. The national dish is “Paella,” a rice dish from the Valencia region, while the national drink is “Sherry,” a regional fortified wine. “The Carnation” is the national flower and a national symbol, symbolizing the passion of Christ. The national tree is the “Evergreen Oak.”
Another national symbol of Spain is the national dance and music “Flamenco,” which is commonly associated with Andalusian gypsies. “Traje de Flamenca” is the dress that flamenco dancers wear consisting of a notched garment extended to the ankle. Spain’s national musical instrument is the “castanets,” a percussion for hand commonly used in flamenco rhythms. Miguel De Cervantes, Lope De Vega, Federico García Lorca are leading national poets who had huge roles in the Spanish history of literature. Spain also has the national flagship airline “Iberia.” Like most Latin countries, the national sport and the most-watched sport in the country is football.
|Official name(s)||Kingdom of Spain|
|Alternative name(s)||España (common, Spanish)|
|Regional location||Southwestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains; southwest of France|
|Country name etymology||"Island of Hyraxes", from Norman French Spagne.|
|Climate||Temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast|
|Terrain||Large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees Mountains in north|
|National Day||12 Oct 1492|
|Ethnicity||Catalans, Andalusians, Valencians, Balearics, Canarians, Basques & Galicians|
|Head of government||President of the Government|
|Driving side||Drive on the Right-hand side|
|Total area||505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi)|
|Timezone||UTC±0 to +1 (WET and CET)|
|Average elevation||660 m (2,165 ft)|
|Mains electricity||230 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of Spain is Bull
The National flower of Spain is Carnation. Botanical name is Dianthus caryophyllus.
The National bird of Spain is Iberian Imperial Eagle
Work begun is half done. Who loves the dog loves his master. Time is money. There is no glory without envy. The remedy is worse than the disease. The mouse that knows only one hole is trapped. The good words cost little. The big fish devour the small ones. Sometimes even a blind pig finds a grain. Patience is the mother of science. Nobody can serve two masters. No fly enters a closed mouth