Last updated on May 16th, 2023 by Editorial Staff
After Brazil and Argentina, the third-largest country in South America is Peru, the land of various amazing landscapes, from mountains and beaches to deserts and rain forests. With its 2500 km coastline to the Pacific Ocean, Ecuador in the north, and Bolivia in the south with Brazil on the eastern Amazon side Peru is located in the continent’s middle. Most people live along the coast of the Pacific Ocean, where the capital, Lima, is located. Peruvians are very diverse in ethnicity with many indigenous tribes and Mestizo, Amerindian roots. Most of the folk are Christian Catholics, and the official language is Spanish like the rest of Latin America. The currency is Peruvian Soles, and the country code is +51, while the official domain is” .pe”
“Steady And Happy For The Union” is the Peruvian country motto that symbolizes Peruvian life quite well. Jose de San Martin from the 19th century is the national founder of Peru and is one of the two important figures of the Spanish American Independence War. The national day was the 28th of July when San Martin signed the declaration of independence for Peru. Peruvians accept Francisco Bolognesi Cervantes as the national hero for his contribution to the War of the Pacific in the 19th century. The Peruvian flag has the symbolic national colors red, white, and red vertical bands with the national emblem in the middle on the white band. The emblem has the national animal Vicuna and the national tree Cinchona on the other side with a gold case on the bottom with flags on both sides.
The national dish and a significant symbol of Peru are Ceviche which is raw fish salad, and the national drink is Pisco Sour, an alcoholic beverage. The national dance is called the Marinera, which is a mid-tempo couple dance characterized by scarves. Peruvians’ other national symbol and dress is Jobona, the Quechua word for a traditional wool jacket with colorful patterns and buttons worn by women. One of the world’s wonders is located in Cusco, Peru, the great Machu Pichu, home of the Inca Civilization. Centua Buxifolia is the national flower with its beautiful pink flowers. The national bird is Cock-Of-The-Rock bird which is an endemic bird to Peruvian Amazonas.
Charango, a type of guitar, is the national instrument, while the national sport is considered football. Cesar Vallejo is the most famous Peruvian poet. Lastly, the national airline is called LATAM Peru.
– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Peru can be found in the table of contents –
|Official name(s)||Republic of Peru|
|Alternative name(s)||Republic of Peru (official, English)|
|Regional location||Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador|
|Country name etymology||Unknown|
|Climate||Varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes|
|Terrain||Western coastal plain, high and rugged Andes in centre, eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin|
|National Day||28 Jul 1921|
|Religion||Christianity Roman Catholicism|
|Ethnicity||Mestizo and Amerindian|
|Head of government||Prime Minister|
|Driving side||Drive on the Right-hand side|
|Total area||1,285,216 km² (496,225 sq mi)|
|Average elevation||1,555 m (5,102 ft)|
|Mains electricity||220 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of Peru is Vicuñas
The National flower of Peru is Qantu or Qantuna. Botanical name is Cantua Buxifolia.
The National bird of Peru is Cock-of-the-rock
Favour your own first, then others. Fortune and olives are alike: sometimes a man has an abundance and other times not any. Little by little one walks far. Gold, when beaten, shines. When the road is long, even slippers feel tight. You go out for wool but come back shorn. From the tree of silence hands the fruit of tranquility. It is better to prevent than to cure. Envy for a friend is like the taste of a sour pumpkin. Never kill a brooding bird. The child weeps for it’s good and the old man for his ill. Love looks through spectacles that make copper look like gold, poverty like riches, and tears like pearls. The continuous drip polishes the stone.