After Brazil and Argentina, the third-largest country in South America is Peru, the land of various amazing landscapes, from mountains and beaches to deserts and rain forests. With its 2500 km coastline to the Pacific Ocean, Ecuador in the north, and Bolivia in the south with Brazil on the eastern Amazon side Peru is located in the continent’s middle. Most people live along the coast of the Pacific Ocean, where the capital, Lima, is located. Peruvians are very diverse in ethnicity with many indigenous tribes and Mestizo, Amerindian roots. Most of the folk is Chrisitan Catholic, and the official language is Spanish like the rest of Latin America. The currency is Peruvian Soles, and the country code is +51, while the official domain is” .pe”
“Steady And Happy For The Union” is the Peruvian country motto that symbolizes Peruvian life quite well. Jose de San Martin from the 19th century is the national founder of Peru who is one of the two important figures of the Spanish American Independence War. The national day was the 28th of July when San Martin signed the declaration of independence for Peru. Peruvians accept Francisco Bolognesi Cervantes as the national hero for his contribution to the War of the Pacific in the 19th century. The Peruvian flag has the symbolic national colors red, white, and red vertical bands with the national emblem in the middle on the white band. The emblem has the national animal Vicuna and the national tree Cinchona on the other side with a gold case on the bottom with flags on both sides.
The national dish and a significant symbol of Peru are Ceviche which is raw fish salad, and the national drink is Pisco Sour, an alcoholic beverage. The national dance is called the Marinera, which is a mid-tempo couple dance characterized by the scarves. Peruvians’ other national symbol and dress is Jobona, the Quechua word for a traditional wool jacket with colorful patterns and buttons worn by women. One of the world’s wonders is located in Cusco, Peru, the great Machu Pichu, home of the Inca Civilization. Centua Buxifolia is the national flower with its beautiful pink flowers. The national bird is Cock-Of-The-Rock bird that is an endemic bird to Peruvian Amazonas.
Charango, a type of guitar, is the national instrument, while the national sport is considered football. Cesar Vallejo is the most famous Peruvian poet. Lastly, the national airline is called LATAM Peru.View the national symbols of Peru below: