National Symbols of Colombia

Last updated on August 18th, 2023 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

By | Updated on August 18, 2023

Reviewed by Rittika

The gateway to South America is Colombia, also called El Dorado, or the Land of Gold. It sits in the northwestern part of the continent, where South America connects with North America. It is the fifth-largest country on the continent with an area of 1 141 748 km. Spanish is the country’s official language and the ethnic city is diverse with White/Castizo and Mestizo, Afro-Colombians. Most of the country is Christian Catholic, but there are also some Protestants. As the second-highest capital in the world, Bogota is the capital and the biggest city of Colombia.

The country code is +57, and the official national domain is “.co.”

Etymology discusses where a term is considered to have originated from and how its meaning has changed over time. Etymology has been a factor in the naming of countries all across the world, and Colombia has also been influenced. The etymology of Christmas Island can be defined as; "Land of Columbus" in Spanish, adopted in 1863.

The Colombian flag consists of the national colors yellow, blue, and red from top to bottom. The national symbol is Andean Condor, just like the other Andean countries. The Andean Condor can also be seen in the coat of arms of Colombia, where it carries the emblem of fruits, gold, and ships, surrounded by the Colombian flag. Plus, “Freedom And Order” is the country’s motto. The 20th of July is celebrated as National Independence Day, which is the foundation date of the country in 1810.

The national hero is Antonio Narino, who helped the emancipation of American countries from the Spanish Empire. Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada is considered the national founder as he was the commander. He conquered the territory he called the New Kingdom of Granada in the current Republic of Colombia in the 16th century.

The area of land next to a sea is called the coast, and a coastline is defined as the line where land and sea meet. Colombia has 3,208 km of coastline.

The national dish of Colombia is Bandeja Paisa, a variety of beef and pork dishes from the Medellin region. Guaro, also called Aguardiente, is the national alcoholic beverage made from Anis. Colombians are famous for their dances like Salsa, Cumbia, and Merengue which all are considered national dances. La Pollera Coloras are colorful dresses, and skirts from Colombia’s Caribbean coast are considered national dresses. Beautiful flowers and orchids were born in Colombia, which is another symbol of the country. Palm trees are also crucial as the country has many, making them national trees.

Museums are known to educate and connect visitors with the nation’s history, culture, civilization, art, and architecture. The Colombian National Museum serves the same purpose and is considered one of the most significant tourist attractions. The Colombian National Museum is home to a large collection of artifacts. It has been designated as the national museum of the country.

Pantheon De Los Proceres is the crypt in the Popayan region that houses the tombs of the illuminative figures of the country. Rafael Pombo and Jose Asuncion is the national poet, while the famous author Gabriel Garcia Marquez is the most famous literary figure in the country. The national motto “Colombia is the magical realism” comes from the literary genre magical realism. On the other hand, Colombian tiple, a guitar variation, is the national instrument, and Tejo is the national sport played by throwing rocks at explosive objects. Lastly, the national airline is called Avianca.

Iván Duque is the current President of the country.

Colombia has declared Spanish as the country’s official language.

– Learn about Colombia flag color codes and their meanings –

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Colombia can be found in the table of contents –


  • Naeem Noor

    As a graduate in Modern Literature, my fascination with symbolism, especially the symbolism of nations, drives my work at SymbolHunt. Through my articles, I passionately delve into the hidden meanings behind national emblems and motifs. Drawing on my expertise in language and culture, I invite readers to join me on a journey of exploration into the rich tapestry of symbolism that defines our world, fostering a deeper appreciation for our shared cultural heritage.

Country information

Former name(s) New Granada
Official name(s) Republic of Colombia
Alternative name(s) Republic of Colombia (official, English)
Regional location Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
Country name etymology "Land of Columbus" in Spanish, adopted in 1863
Climate Tropical along the coast and eastern plains; cooler in the highlands
Terrain Flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains (Llanos)
Population 50,882,891
National Day 20 Jul 1810
Language(s) Spanish
Religion Christianity, Roman Catholic, Protestant
Country code +57
Literacy rate 94.7%
Currency Colombian peso
Capital city Bogota
Domain(TLD) .co
Ethnicity White/Castizo and Mestizo, Afro-Colombians
Head of government President
Nationality Colombian
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 1,141,748 km² (440,831 sq mi)
Timezone UTC−5 (COT)
Average elevation 593 m (1,946 ft)
Coastline 3,208 km
Mains electricity 120 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Colombia

Flag map of Colombia

Motto of Colombia

Libertad y orden -"Freedom and order"

National animal of Colombia

The National animal of Colombia is Andean condor

National Animal of Colombia - Andean condor

National flower of Colombia

The National flower of Colombia is Christmas Orchid. Botanical name is Cattleya Trianae.

National flower of Colombia - Christmas Orchid

National bird of Colombia

The National bird of Colombia is Andean Condor

National bird of Colombia - Andean Condor

Rest of the National symbols of Colombia 👇

Neighbouring countries of Colombia

Colombian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

The old dog barks while he is sitting down.

Better to beg forgiveness than to ask permission.

Who is always sad, does not even have fun when drunk.

Poverty does not destroy virtue nor wealth bestow it.

There is no better friend than a burden.

All fear has much imagination and little talent.

He who overcomes his passions overcomes his greatest enemies.

Even the candle seller dies in the dark.

When force is imposed, the law is a joke.

To love and be wise is impossible.

It’s better to be the pot than the lid

Suit the behavior to the occasion.

Compare Colombia with other countries


Compare Colombia with its neighbours

Country location

Guess the Flags Quiz

Sharing is caring 🤗

National Flag of Colombia ????????

How to pronounce ColombiaHow to pronounce Colombia