National Symbols of Colombia

The gateway to South America is Colombia, also called El Dorado, or the land of gold. It sits in the northwestern part of the continent, where South America connects with North America. With its 1 141 748 km2 area, it is the 5th biggest country on the continent. Spanish is the country’s official language where the ethni city is diverse with White/Castizo and Mestizo, Afro-Colombians. Most of the country is Christian Catholics, but there are also some Protestants. As the second-highest capital in the world, Bogota is the capital and the biggest city of Colombia. The country code is +57, and the official national domain is “.co.”

The Colombian flag consists of the national colors yellow, blue and red from top to bottom. The national symbol is Andean Condor, just like the other Andean countries. The Andean Condor can also be seen in the coat of arms of Colombia, where it carries the emblem of fruits, gold, and ships, surrounded by the Colombian flag. Plus, “Freedom And Order” is the country motto. The 20th of July is celebrated as National Independence Day, which is the foundation date of the country in 1810. The national hero is Antonio Narino, who helped the emancipation of American countries from the Spanish Empire. Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada is considered the national founder as he was the commander. He conquered the territory he called the New Kingdom of Granada in the current Republic of Colombia in the 16th century.

The national dish of Colombia is Bandeja Paisa, a variety of beef and pork dishes from the Medellin region. Guaro, also called Aguardiente, is the national alcoholic beverage made from Anis. Colombians are famous for their dances like Salsa, Cumbia, Merengue which all are considered national dances. La Pollera Coloras are colorful dresses, and skirts from Colombia’s Caribbean coast are considered national dresses. The beautiful flowers, orchids were born in Colombia, which is another symbol of the country. The palm trees are also crucial as the country has many, making them the national trees.

Pantheon De Los Proceres is the crypt in the Popayan region that houses the tombs of the illuminative figures of the country. Rafael Pombo, Jose Asuncion is the national poet, while the famous author Gabriel Garcia Marquez is the most famous literary figure in the country. The national motto “Colombia is the magical realism” comes from his literature genre magical realism. On the other hand, Colombian tiple, a guitar variation, is the national instrument, and Tejo is the national sport played by throwing rocks at explosive objects. Lastly, the national airline is called Avianca.

Country information

Former name(s) New Granada
Official name(s) Republic of Colombia
Alternative name(s) Republic of Colombia (official, English)
Regional location Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
Country name etymology "Land of Columbus"in Spanish, adopted in 1863.
Climate Tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
Terrain Flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains (Llanos)
Population 50,882,891
National Day 20 Jul 1810
Language(s) Spanish
Religion Christianity, Roman Catholic, Protestant
Country code +57
Literacy rate 94.7%
Currency Colombian peso
Capital city Bogota
Domain(TLD) .co
Ethnicity White/Castizo and Mestizo, Afro-Colombians
Head of government President
Nationality Colombian
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 1,141,748 km2 (440,831 sq mi)
Timezone UTC−5 (COT)
Average elevation 593 m (1,946 ft)
Coastline 3,208 Km
Mains electricity 120 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Colombia

Flag map of Colombia

Motto of Colombia

Libertad y orden -"Freedom and order"

National animal of Colombia

The National animal of Colombia is Andean condor

National Animal of Colombia - Andean condor

National flower of Colombia

The National flower of Colombia is Christmas Orchid. Botanical name is Cattleya Trianae.

National flower of Colombia - Christmas Orchid

National bird of Colombia

The National bird of Colombia is Andean Condor

National bird of Colombia - Andean Condor

Rest of the National symbols of Colombia 👇

Neighbouring countries of Colombia

Colombian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

The old dog barks while he is sitting down.

Better to beg forgiveness than to ask permission.

Who is always sad, does not even have fun when drunk.

Poverty does not destroy virtue nor wealth bestow it.

There is no better friend than a burden.

All fear has much imagination and little talent.

He who overcomes his passions overcomes his greatest enemies.

Even the candle seller dies in the dark.

When force is imposed, the law is a joke.

To love and be wise is impossible.

It’s better to be the pot than the lid

Suit the behavior to the occasion.

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Compare Colombia with its neighbours

Country location

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National Flag of Colombia 🇨🇴

How to pronounce Colombia