National Symbols of Albania

Albania, or “Shqiperi” in the Albanian language, is a country located on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe with a coastline at the Adriatic and the Ionian Sea in the west. The capital and the largest city are Tirana. Albania’s flag and national emblem have the national color red as the background symbolizing bravery, strength, and a double-headed black eagle in the center representing the sovereign state of Albania. The folk is known for their strong national identity, which can be noticed in the national motto, Ti Shqipëri, më jep nder, më jep emrin Shqipëtar -You, Albania, give me honor, give me the name Albanian.” Albania’s diverse ethnicity consists of Albanians, Greeks, Aromanians, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians, Arbëreshë, while the official national language is Albanian. The country also represents a mosaic in religious terms, including Sunni Islam, Bektashi Islam, Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and some minorities belonging to other religions. Albania uses the “Lek” as the official monetary unit, as they are a candidate for the European Union. The country code is “+355”, while the official domain is “.al.”

🇵🇹 Portugal National symbols:...
🇵🇹 Portugal National symbols: National Animal, National Flower.

The founder of the country is Charles of Anjou, the first king of the “Kingdom of Albania” in the 13th century. The national hero is George Kastrioti, or “Skanderbeg,” who was the leader of the rebellion against the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century. He became a myth, a national symbol in the late 19th century during the Albanian National Awakening, the Albanian renaissance, which led the Albanians to have political and cultural strength to be independent. The Albanian Declaration of Independence was signed on the day of 28th of November 1912, which is still celebrated as the “National Flag Day” in Albania and Kosovo.

One of Albania’s national symbols is the national monument “Mother Albania, “ a giant statue in Tirana. The monument symbolizes Albania as a mother, guarding over the country, honoring the people who gave their lives for her. The national mausoleum is “Kodra E Gështenjave,” “The Mausoleum of the Albanian Royal Family,” which holds King Zog and his family’s remainings.

The country’s national symbol, animal, and the national bird is the eagle. “Red Poppy” is the national flower, while the national tree is the “Olive Olea.” Cherry is the national fruit from which the national drink “Raki” is made. The national dish is “Tave Kosi,” a rice and lamb dish cooked with a mixture of yogurt and eggs.

Albania’s national dance is called “Dibra’s Double Dance,” a dance for two males with unique footwork. “Cifteli” is a two-stringed long lute described as Albania’s national instrument. Like many other Balkan countries, the national dress is a “Fustanella,” a skirt-like garment worn by men. Albania’s national poet is Naim Frashëri, whose most famous work is the history of national symbol and hero Skanderbeg. Like many other Mediterranean and Balkan countries, Albanians are very passionate about their national sport, football. Albania also has a national airline called “Air Albania.”

Country information

Official name(s) The Republic of Albania
Alternative name(s) Republika e Shqipërisë (official, Albanian)
Regional location Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece in the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north
Country name etymology "Land of the Albanians"
Climate Mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
Terrain Mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast
Population 2,877,797
Language(s) Albanian
Religion Islam Sunni Islam, Bektashi Islam, Catholicism, & Orthodoxy
Country code +355
Literacy rate 97.2%
Currency Lek
Capital city Tirana
Domain(TLD) .al
Ethnicity Albanians Greeks, Aromanians, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians, Arbëreshë
Head of government Prime Minister
Nationality Albanian
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+1 (CET)
Average elevation 708 m (2,323 ft)
Coastline 362 Km
Mains electricity 230 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Albania

Flag map of Albania

Motto of Albania

Ti Shqipëri Më Jep Nder, Më jep Emrin Shqipëtar -"You, Albania, give me honor, give me the name Albanian"

National animal of Albania

The National animal of Albania is The Golden Eagle

National Animal of Albania - The Golden Eagle

National flower of Albania

The National flower of Albania is Red Poppy. Botanical name is Papaver rhoeas.

National flower of Albania - Red Poppy

National bird of Albania

The National bird of Albania is Eagle

National bird of Albania - Eagle

Rest of the National symbols of Albania 👇

Neighbouring countries of Albania

Albanian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

The sun at home warms better than the sun elsewhere.

If you fear God, you won't fear humans.

He who hesitates, regrets.

Don't put gold buttons on a torn coat.

Patience is the key to paradise.

Compare Albania with other countries


Compare Albania with its neighbours

Country location

National Flag of Albania 🇦🇱