National Symbols of Croatia

Last updated on August 19th, 2023 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

Croatia is a country in Europe. The official name of Croatia is the Republic of Croatia. It shares borders with 5 countries: Bosnia and HerzegovinaHungaryMontenegroSerbia, and Slovenia. The people of Croatia are called Croatians. The country is in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Slovenia.

Etymology discusses where a term is considered to have originated from and how its meaning has changed over time. Etymology has been a factor in the naming of countries all across the world, and Croatia has also been influenced. The etymology of Croatia can be defined as; The most common theory derives it from Harahvat, the Old Persian name for the Arachosia or Helmand River, or Harahuvatiš, the land surrounding it.

An ethnicity is a group or sub-group of people who are connected based on common characteristics which may include religion, origin, language, traditions, or culture. The ethnic groups in Croatia include Croats and Serbs.

Croatia Airlines is the national airline of Croatia. The national colors of the country are red, white, and blue. The emoji flag of the country is ????????, and the ISO code is HRV.

Croatia is known for its Ancient Roman ruins and the Dalmatian coast. The national dish of Croatia is Peka. Rakija, in addition to being a traditional beverage, is one of the country’s national drinks. The national instruments of Croatia are Violins, Cimbule, Tamburice, and Harmonike.

The country has the time zone UTC+1 (CET) followed by dd/mm/yyyy as the standard date format.

Croatia is divided into 21 counties. The capital of the country is Zagreb, which is also the largest city in Croatia.

The literacy rate in Croatia is 99.1%.

The country’s total area is 56,594 km² (21,851 sq mi), and the total population is 4,105,267. The country’s average elevation is 331 m (1,086 ft), whereas the country’s terrain can be defined as; Geographically diverse; flat plains along the Hungarian border, low mountains, and highlands near the Adriatic coastline and islands. The country’s usual climate is Mediterranean and continental; the continental climate is predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, and dry summers along the coast.

The area of land next to a sea is called the coast, and a coastline is defined as the line where land and sea meet. Croatia has 5,835 km of coastline.

The Euro serves as the national unit of currency, and Croatian National Bank is recognized as the country’s central bank. The domain for Croatia is .hr and the country code is +385. Red-white checkerboard is the country’s coat of arms.

Museums are known to educate and connect visitors with the nation’s history, culture, civilization, art, and architecture. The Croatian History Museum serves the same purpose and is considered one of the most significant tourist attractions. The Croatian History Museum is home to a large collection of artifacts. It has been designated as the national museum of the country.

The national dress of Croatia is the Hrvatska narodna nošnja, and 30 May is designated as National Day. In Croatia, the majority of the population practices Christianity Catholicism, Orthodoxy, Protestantism, and Islam as their religion.

Nature is a blessing from God and we must protect it because it provides us with the oxygen and food to survive. It also helps to keep our environment beautiful and clean. To emphasize the significance of nature, Croatia has selected a few forces of nature as national symbols. Croatia’s national bird is the Nightingale, while its national animal is the Meet Marten. The national flower is Iris Croatica . The national tree of Croatia is the Slavonian oak, and the highest peak is Dinara.

Mythical creatures can be found in the literature and mythologies of many different nations. They represent imaginative representations of various creatures, humans, or hybrids. They are known for their specific features, supernatural abilities, and distinctive appearance. The mythical creature of Croatia is Krampus.

Sports have always played an important role in developing the social and cultural structure of Croatia and other countries. When it comes to designating a sport as the official symbol, Football is considered the country’s national sport.

Poetry is a highly valued form of art, and many poets are considered significant national symbols of the country. The national poets of Croatia are Marko Marulić and Miroslav Krleža.

Ante Starčević is the founder of Croatia. The country’s national anthem was written by Antun Mihanović, and composed by Josip Runjanin.

The country’s national hero is General Ante Gotovina.

Numerous organizations are working on a global level to improve the current state of affairs and to collaborate in order to establish and maintain constructive partnerships. Croatia is a member of the European Union (EU)North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and United Nations (UN). Croatia collaborates with them to organize, analyze, and address various events and situations.

The tourism slogan of the country is “Full of Life”.

Andrej Plenković is the current Prime minister of Croatia, and Zoran Milanovićis the President.

Croatia has declared Croatian as the country’s official language.


– Learn about Croatia flag color codes and their meanings –

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Croatia can be found in the table of contents –

Country information

Former name(s) Yugoslavia
Official name(s) Republic of Croatia
Alternative name(s) Republic of Croatia (official, English)
Regional location Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
Country name etymology The most common theory derives it from Harahvat, the Old Persian name for the Arachosia or Helmand River, or Harahuvatiš, the land surrounding it
Climate Mediterranean and continental; the continental climate is predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, and dry summers along the coast
Terrain Geographically diverse; flat plains along the Hungarian border, low mountains, and highlands near the Adriatic coastline and islands
Population 4,105,267
National Day 30 May 1990
Language(s) Croatian
Religion Christianity Catholicism, Orthodoxy, Protestantism, and Islam
Country code +385
Literacy rate 99.1%
Currency Euro
Capital city Zagreb
ISO HRV
Domain(TLD) .hr
Ethnicity Croats, and Serbs
Head of government President
Nationality Croatian
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 56,594 km² (21,851 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+1 (CET)
Average elevation 331 m (1,086 ft)
Coastline 5,835 km
Mains electricity 230 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Croatia

Flag map of Croatia

Motto of Croatia

No official motto

National animal of Croatia

The National animal of Croatia is Meet Marten

National Animal of Croatia - Meet Marten

National flower of Croatia

The National flower of Croatia is Iris Croatica . Botanical name is Hrvatska Perunika.

National flower of Croatia - Iris Croatica

National bird of Croatia

The National bird of Croatia is Nightingale

National bird of Croatia - Nightingale

Rest of the National symbols of Croatia 👇

Neighbouring countries of Croatia

Croatian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

A good horse has many faults; a bad one has hardly any.

No solutions without discussions.

All things come to he who waits.

After rain comes sun.

First do your task, then talk about it

Without suffering, there is no learning.

First leap, then say: “jump”!

Crows will not pick out Crow’s eyes.

You can’t have both money and sheep.

People who make the most or the loudest threats are the least likely to take action.

Speak only the best of the dead.

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National Flag of Croatia ????????

How to pronounce CroatiaHow to pronounce Croatia