National Symbols of Saudi Arabia

Last updated on April 17th, 2024 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

By Abdou | Updated on April 17, 2024

Reviewed by Rittika

Saudi Arabia or the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a country located in Western Asia covering the vast majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Riyadh, the capital, is the main financial hub and the largest city on the Arabian Peninsula. Islam is the national religion and Arabic is the national language. The national currency of Saudi Arabia is the Saudi riyal (SAR).

The founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is Ibn Saud who united the four regions into a single state. Saudis celebrate the national day on the 23rd of September which marks the unification of the country as a kingdom.

Saudi Arabia’s national anthem was first adopted without lyrics and was played at official ceremonies. The lyrics were later written by Ibrahim Khafaji.

The national Saudi emblem is represented by two crossed swords with a palm tree in the middle; the national colors are white and green. Arabs and Afro-Asians constitute the ethnic composition of Saudis.

Thawb, a long-sleeved dress represents the national Saudi costume; along with a headpiece called Shemagh.

Ardha or the sword dance is the national Saudi dance; where two rows of men stand facing each other holding a sword or a cane. The dance is performed along with drums and poetry.

Kabsa is by far the national dish of Saudis. It’s a flavorful dish of chicken or meat over spiced basmati rice served on a big platter.

Saudi Arabia is the homeland of the Phoenix palm tree, thus it’s not just the national tree but serves as a national symbol as well. Arfaj is the national flower and grows abundantly in the Arabian Peninsula. “The ship of the desert” or the Arabian Camel is the national animal of the country due to the vast desert area in the country. Respectively the powerful and majestic Falcon is the national bird.

Football is the most popular sport for Saudis and is thus the country’s national sport.

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Saudi Arabia can be found in the table of contents –


  • Naeem Noor

    As a graduate in Modern Literature, my fascination with symbolism, especially the symbolism of nations, drives my work at SymbolHunt. Through my articles, I passionately delve into the hidden meanings behind national emblems and motifs. Drawing on my expertise in language and culture, I invite readers to join me on a journey of exploration into the rich tapestry of symbolism that defines our world, fostering a deeper appreciation for our shared cultural heritage.

Country information

Former name(s) Hejaz and Najd
Official name(s) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Alternative name(s) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (official, English)
Regional location Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen
Country name etymology "Arabia of the Sauds", in reference to the ruling dynasty
Climate Harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes
Terrain Mostly uninhabited, sandy desert
Population 34,813,871
National Day 23 Sep 1932
Language(s) Arabic
Religion Islam
Country code +966
Literacy rate 94.4%
Currency Saudi riyal
Capital city Riyadh
Domain(TLD) .sa
Ethnicity Arab and Afro-Asian
Head of government Prime Minister
Nationality Saudi Arabian
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 2,149,690 km² (830,000 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+3 (AST)
Average elevation 665 m (2,182 ft)
Coastline 2,640 km
Mains electricity 220 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Saudi Arabia

Motto of Saudi Arabia

Lā ʾilāha illā l-Lāh; Muḥammadu r-rasūlu l-Lāh -"There is no God other than God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God"

National animal of Saudi Arabia

The National animal of Saudi Arabia is Arabian camel

National Animal of Saudi Arabia - Arabian camel

National flower of Saudi Arabia

The National flower of Saudi Arabia is Arfaj. Botanical name is Rhanterium epapposum.

National flower of Saudi Arabia - Arfaj

National bird of Saudi Arabia

The National bird of Saudi Arabia is Falcon

National bird of Saudi Arabia - Falcon

Rest of the National symbols of Saudi Arabia 👇

Neighbouring countries of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

Any water in the desert will do.

It is not necessary to fall into a well to know its depth.

The man who builds his own throne rules over a desert.

Insults must be written in sand and compliments carved in stone.

Talent without skill is like a desert without an oasis.

Compare Saudi Arabia with other countries


Compare Saudi Arabia with its neighbours

Country location

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How to pronounce Saudi ArabiaHow to pronounce Saudi Arabia