South Africa is one of the most extraordinary countries on the African continent. Its population, traditions and culture are a colorful mosaic. 80% of the population of South Africa is black Africans. About 8% of the population are descendants of European colonists, mainly from the Netherlands (Afrikaners) and Great Britain. Also in South Africa, there are mestizos and descendants of immigrants from India. The heterogeneity of the population is complemented by linguistic diversity — 11 languages have official status. The most common languages are Zulu and English, as well as Xhosa and Afrikaans.
South Africa is located in the extreme South of the African continent. It is bordered to the Northwest by Namibia, to the North by Botswana and Zimbabwe, and to the Northeast by Mozambique and Swaziland.
Pretoria is officially considered the main capital of South Africa, as the country’s government is located there. The other two branches of government are located in two other cities: the Parliament in Cape Town, the Supreme Court in Bloemfontein.
The currency of South Africa is South African Rand. The domain is .za and the country code is +27.
Full freedom of religion is enshrined in law of South Africa. More than 80% of the population is Christian (most Protestants). Some Africans adhere to traditional African beliefs (animalism, fetishism, the cult of ancestors, guardians of the hearth, the forces of nature, etc.). The Muslim community (most profess Sunni Islam) includes Cape Malays, Indians, immigrants from northern Mozambique, etc.
National symbols of South Africa are the flag, National anthem, National Orders, Real yellowwood, blue crane and King Protea. In addition, the national symbols of South Africa include springbuck.
The Springbuck, South Africa’s national animal, is the most abundant antelope in the central and western parts of South Africa. Some herds are still free roaming within some of its natural range, but most are now confined to farmlands and reserves. They are a common feature in most of South Africa’s national, provincial and private reserves.
|Former name(s)||South African Republic|
|Official name(s)||Republic of South Africa|
|Alternative name(s)||Azania, Mzansi (Xhosa, for South)|
|Regional location||Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa|
|Country name etymology||The name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa.|
|Climate||Mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights|
|Terrain||Vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain|
|National Day||27 Apr 1994|
|Language(s)||Afrikaans, English, Venda, & Zulu|
|Religion||Christianity, Protestantism, Other Christian|
|Currency||South African Rand|
|Capital city||Cape Town, Pretoria, Bloemfontein|
|Ethnicity||Black African, Asian|
|Head of government||President|
|Driving side||Drive on the Left-hand side|
|Total area||1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi)|
|Average elevation||1,034 m (3,392 ft)|
|Mains electricity||230 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of South Africa is Springbuck
The National flower of South Africa is King Protea. Botanical name is Protea cynaroides.
The National bird of South Africa is Blue crane
Two eyes help each other. In a herd of cattle, it doesn’t matter which is ahead. No hill without gravestones, no valley without shadows. You might stint me, but be generous to my child. No death is different. When you have a lot to do, start with a meal. A river is filled by tributaries. Where there is honey, there are bound to be ants. Two wives, two pots of poison. When you become wise of the healer, also become wise of the sickness. A traveller is provided for. The dupe who takes possession of a lame ox is seldom recognised as a fool. The heart is like a goat that has to be tied up.