Somalia is a country with an area of 637 thousand square kilometers, which is located on the peninsula of the same name in the North-Eastern part of Africa. Somalia shares land borders with Kenya, Djibouti, and Ethiopia. The northern coast of the country is washed by the Gulf of Aden, the southern and eastern coasts-by the Indian Ocean. The capital of the country is the city of Mogadishu.
The population of Somalia is more than 10 million people, 98% of whom belong to various tribes with the common names “Somalia” (East African race). There are also a small number of Italians, Arabs, and Indians living in the country. Most of the population adheres to Islam.
The official languages of the State are Somali and Arabic. The domain is .so and the country code is +252. In Somalia, the official currency is the Somali shilling. It is designated as SOS.
Baasto iyo Sugo Hilib Shiidan (Spaghetti Bolognese) is a national dish of Somalia made from pasta, seasoned with cumin, cardamom, cloves and sage. The common use of pasta (baasto), such as spaghetti, comes from the Italians. But in Somalia, it is usually a thicker, stewed dish than Italian pasta with sauce.
National symbols of Somalia are Somalian flag, “Qolobaa Calankeed” National Anthem and the Coat of Arms. The Coat of Arms of Somalia is an azure shield with a gold border, with a silver five-pointed star in the center. The national flag of the Federal Republic of Somalia is one of the national symbols of Somalia, which is a rectangular blue cloth with an aspect ratio of 2:3. The flag was created by Mohamed Awal Liban on October 12, 1954.
The traditional clothing of the Somalis men is a piece of white cotton cloth wrapped around the hips, supported by a leather belt, and weapons, a cape — like cape, shoes-rough sandals with thick leather soles.
|Official name(s)||Federal Republic of Somalia|
|Alternative name(s)||Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya (Somali)|
|Regional location||Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia|
|Country name etymology||"Land of the Somali", an ethnic group. Somali itself is of uncertain etymology,|
|Climate||Principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons|
|Terrain||Mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north|
|National Day||1 Jul 1960|
|Head of government||Prime Minister|
|Driving side||Drive on the Right-hand side|
|Total area||637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi)|
|Average elevation||410 m (1,345 ft)|
|Mains electricity||220 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of Somalia is Leopard
The National flower of Somalia is King Protea. Botanical name is Protea cynaroides.
The National bird of Somalia is Superb Starling
A man with a sense of humour is never at a loss for words or action. The bridge is repaired only after someone falls in the water. A person stands next to a shade not next to words. You don’t go searching for bones in a lion’s den. Poverty is slavery. Every camel was once upon time two years old. Think before you do. Think before you do. Lend a false ear to false words. The person who does not listen to an elder’s advice gets his or her leg broken. What you see is what you believe. Dogs understand each other by their barking, and men by their words.