National Symbols of Nigeria

Last updated on May 21st, 2023 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

Nigeria is a country in Africa. The official name of Nigeria is the Federal Republic of Nigeria. It shares borders with 4 countries: BeninChadCameroon, and Niger. The people of Nigeria are called Nigerians. The country is in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon.

Etymology discusses where a term is considered to have originated from and how its meaning has changed over time. Etymology has been a factor in the naming of countries all across the world, and Nigeria has also been influenced. The etymology of Nigeria can be defined as; After the Niger River that flows through the western areas of the country and into the ocean and area.

An ethnicity is a group or sub-group of people who are connected based on common characteristics which may include religion, origin, language, traditions, or culture. The ethnic groups in Nigeria include Edo, Ijaw, Fulɓe, and Kanuri.

Air Nigeria is the national airline of Nigeria. The national colors of the country are green and white. The emoji flag of the country is 🇳🇬, and the ISO code is NG.

Nigeria is known for its It is home to the second largest film industry on the globe. The national dish of Nigeria is Joll of rice. Ògógóró, in addition to being a traditional beverage, is one of the country’s national drinks. The national instrument of Nigeria is Obo.

The country has the time zone UTC+01:00 (WAT) followed by dd/mm/yyyy as the standard date format.

Nigeria is divided into 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory. Lagos is Nigeria’s largest city, while Abuja serves as the capital.

The literacy rate in Nigeria is 51.1%.

The country’s total area is 923,769 km² (356,669 sq mi), and the total population is 206,139,589. The country’s average elevation is 380 m (1,247 ft), whereas the country’s terrain can be defined as; Southern lowlands merging into central hills and plateaus; mountains in the southeast, and plains in the north. The country’s usual climate varies; equatorial in the south, tropical in the center, and arid in the north.

The area of land next to a sea is called the coast, and a coastline is defined as the line where land and sea meet. Nigeria has 853 km of coastline.

The Nigerian naira serves as the national unit of currency, and the Central Bank of Nigeria is recognized as the country’s central bank. The domain for Nigeria is .ng and the country code is +234. Eagle is the country’s coat of arms.

Museums are known to educate and connect visitors with the nation’s history, culture, civilization, art, and architecture. The Nigerian National Museum serves the same purpose and is considered one of the most significant tourist attractions. The Nigerian National Museum is home to a large collection of artifacts. It has been designated as the national museum of the country.

The national dress of Nigeria is the Agbada, and 1 October is designated as National Day. In Nigeria, the majority of the population practices Islam, Christianity, and traditional faiths as their religion.

Nature is a blessing from God and we must protect it because it provides us with the oxygen and food to survive. It also helps to keep our environment beautiful and clean. To emphasize the significance of nature, Nigeria has selected a few forces of nature as national symbols. Eagle is both the national bird and animal of Nigeria. The national flower is Costus spectabilis whereas, the national tree of Nigeria is the Camphor, and the highest peak is Chappal Waddi.

Mythical creatures can be found in the literature and mythologies of many different nations. They represent imaginative representations of various creatures, humans, or hybrids. They are known for their specific features, supernatural abilities, and distinctive appearance. The mythical creature of Nigeria is Anansi.

Sports have always played an important role in developing the social and cultural structure of Nigeria and other countries. When it comes to designating a sport as the official symbol, Football is considered the country’s national sport.

Poetry is a highly valued form of art, and many poets are considered significant national symbols of the country. The national poet of Nigeria is Chinua Achebe.

Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe is the founder of Nigeria. The country’s national anthem was written by John A. Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B. A. Ogunnaike, Sotu Omoigui, and P. O. Aderibighe, and composed by Nigerian Police Band, under the directorship of B.E. Odiase.

The country’s national hero is Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe.

Due to their unique qualities and rich cultural or historical backgrounds, national monuments around the world are of great importance. The Ancient Kano City Walls are recognized as the national monument of the country. It attracts visitors from all around the world.

Numerous organizations are working on a global level to improve the current state of affairs and to collaborate in order to establish and maintain constructive partnerships. Nigeria is a member of the African Union (AU)Commonwealth of NationsOrganisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and United Nations (UN). Nigeria collaborates with them to organize, analyze, and address various events and situations.

The tourism slogan of the country is “Good People, Great Nation” whereas, “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress” is the official motto of the country.

Muhammadu Buhari is the current President of Nigeria.

Nigeria has declared Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba as the country’s official languages.

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Nigeria can be found in the table of contents –

Country information

Former name(s) Royal Niger protectorate
Official name(s) Federal Republic of Nigeria
Alternative name(s) Federal Republic of Nigeria (official, English)
Regional location Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Country name etymology After the Niger River that flows through the western areas of the country and into the ocean and area
Climate Varies; equatorial in the south, tropical in the center, and arid in the north
Terrain Southern lowlands merging into central hills and plateaus; mountains in the southeast, and plains in the north
Population 206,139,589
National Day 1 Oct 1960
Language(s) Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba
Religion Islam, Christianity, and Traditional faiths
Country code +234
Literacy rate 51.1%
Currency Nigerian naira
Capital city Abuja
Domain(TLD) .ng
Ethnicity Edo, Ijaw, Fulɓe, and Kanuri
Head of government President
Nationality Nigerian
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 923,769 km² (356,669 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+01:00 (WAT)
Average elevation 380 m (1,247 ft)
Coastline 853 km
Mains electricity 240 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Nigeria

Flag map of Nigeria

Motto of Nigeria

"Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress"

National animal of Nigeria

The National animal of Nigeria is Eagle

National Animal of Nigeria - Eagle

National flower of Nigeria

The National flower of Nigeria is Costus spectabilis. Botanical name is Costus.

National flower of Nigeria - Costus spectabilis

National bird of Nigeria

The National bird of Nigeria is Eagle

National bird of Nigeria - Eagle

Rest of the National symbols of Nigeria 👇

Neighbouring countries of Nigeria

Nigerian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

Accomplishment of purpose is better than making a profit.

Abundance will make cotton pull a stone.

A woman who has not been twice married cannot know what a perfect marriage is.

A wealthy man will always have followers.

A tree is known by its fruit.

A tree is best measured when it’s down.

A tree does not move unless there is wind.

A traveller to distant places should make no enemies.

A smiling face dispels unhappiness.

A rat is not born a rabbit.

A pig that is used to wallowing in the mud looks for a clean person to rub against.

A person is a guest for one or two days, but becomes an intruder on the third.

A person always breaking off from work never finishes anything.

A mother is gold, a father is a mirror.

A man does not wander far from where his corn is roasting.

A hunter who has only one arrow does not shoot with careless aim.

A friendly person is never a good-for-nothing.

A fowl does not forget where it lays its eggs.

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National Flag of Nigeria 🇳🇬

How to pronounce NigeriaHow to pronounce Nigeria