National Symbols of Niger

Last updated on May 21st, 2023 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

Niger is a landlocked country in Africa. The official name of Niger is the Republic of Niger. It shares borders with 7 countries: NigeriaBeninBurkina FasoMaliAlgeriaLibya, and Chad. The people of Niger are called Nigerien. The country is situated in Western Africa, southeast of Algeria.

Etymology discusses where a term is considered to have originated from and how its meaning has changed over time. Etymology has been a factor in the naming of countries all across the world, and Niger has also been influenced. The etymology of Niger can be defined as; Named after the Niger River, from a native term Ni Gir or “River Gir” or from Tuareg n’eghirren (“flowing water”).

An ethnicity is a group or sub-group of people who are connected based on common characteristics which may include religion, origin, language, traditions, or culture. The ethnic groups in Niger include Gurma, Zarma, Kanuri, Toubou, Maouri, Kurtey, Wogo, and Diffa Arabs.

Niger Airlines is the national airline of Niger. The national colors of the country are orange, white, and green. The emoji flag of the country is ????????, and the ISO code is ISO.

Niger is known for having the world’s largest uranium deposits. The country is also famous for its wildlife, desert, hot climate, and Niger River. The national dish of Niger is Djerma stew. Biere Niger, in addition to being a traditional beverage, is one of the country’s national drinks. The national instrument of Niger is Obo.

The country has the time zone UTC+1 (WAT) followed by dd/mm/yyyy as the standard date format.

Niger is divided into 7 regions and 36 departments. The capital of the country is Niamey, which is also the largest city in Niger.

The literacy rate in Niger is 30.6%.

The country’s total area is 1,267,000 km² (489,000 sq mi), and the total population is 24,206,644. The country’s average elevation is 474 m (1,555 ft), whereas the country’s terrain can be defined as; Predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in the south; hills in the north. The country’s usual climate is desert; mostly hot, dry, and dusty; tropical in the extreme south.

The West African CFA franc serves as the national unit of currency, and the Central Bank of West African States is recognized as the country’s central bank. The domain for Niger is .ne and the country code is +227. République du Niger is the country’s coat of arms.

Museums are known to educate and connect visitors with the nation’s history, culture, civilization, art, and architecture. The Musée National Boubou Hama serves the same purpose and is considered one of the most significant tourist attractions. The Musée National Boubou Hama is home to a large collection of artifacts. It has been designated as the national museum of the country.

The national dress of Niger is the Agbada, and 18 December is designated as National Day. In Niger, the majority of the population practices Islam as their religion.

Nature is a blessing from God and we must protect it because it provides us with the oxygen and food to survive. It also helps to keep our environment beautiful and clean. To emphasize the significance of nature, Niger has selected a few forces of nature as national symbols. Niger’s national bird is the Black-crowned crane, while its national animal is the Dama gazelle. The national flower is Costus spectabilis, and the highest peak is Mont Bagzane.

Mythical creatures can be found in the literature and mythologies of many different nations. They represent imaginative representations of various creatures, humans, or hybrids. They are known for their specific features, supernatural abilities, and distinctive appearance. The mythical creature of Niger is Anansi.

Sports have always played an important role in developing the social and cultural structure of Niger and other countries. When it comes to designating a sport as the official symbol, Football is considered the country’s national sport.

Hamani Diori is the founder of Niger. The country’s national anthem was written by Maurice Albert Thiriet, and composed by Robert Jacquet and Nicolas Abel François Frionnet.

The country’s national hero is Nnamdi Azikiwe.

Numerous organizations are working on a global level to improve the current state of affairs and to collaborate in order to establish and maintain constructive partnerships. Niger is a member of the African Union (AU)Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF)Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), and United Nations (UN). Niger collaborates with them to organize, analyze, and address various events and situations.

“Fraternité, Travail, Progrès – “Fraternity, Work, Progress” is the official motto of the country.

Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou is the current Prime minister of Niger, and Mohamed Bazoum is the President.

Niger has declared Arabic, Buduma, Fulfulde, Gourmanchéma, and Hausa as the country’s official languages.

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Niger can be found in the table of contents

Country information

Official name(s) Republic of Niger
Alternative name(s) Republic of the Niger (official, English)
Regional location Western Africa, southeast of Algeria
Country name etymology Named after the Niger River, from a native term Ni Gir or "River Gir" or from Tuareg n'eghirren ("flowing water")
Climate Desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south
Terrain Predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in the south; hills in the north
Population 24,206,644
National Day 18 Dec 1958
Language(s) Arabic, Buduma, Fulfulde, Gourmanchéma, and Hausa
Religion Islam
Country code +227
Literacy rate 30.6%
Currency West African CFA franc
Capital city Niamey
Domain(TLD) .ne
Ethnicity Gurma, Zarma, Kanuri, Toubou, Maouri, Kurtey, Wogo, and Diffa Arabs
Head of government Prime Minister
Nationality Nigerien
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 1,267,000 km² (489,000 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+1 (WAT)
Average elevation 474 m (1,555 ft)
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Mains electricity 220 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Niger

Flag map of Niger

Motto of Niger

Fraternité, Travail, Progrès - "Fraternity, Work, Progress"

National animal of Niger

The National animal of Niger is Dama gazelle

National Animal of Niger - Dama gazelle

National flower of Niger

The National flower of Niger is Costus spectabilis. Botanical name is Costus.

National flower of Niger - Costus spectabilis

National bird of Niger

The National bird of Niger is Black-crowned crane

National bird of Niger - Black-crowned crane

Rest of the National symbols of Niger 👇

Neighbouring countries of Niger

Nigerien Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

Only a mother would carry the child that bites.

One who has been bitten by a snake lives in fear of worms.

One pebble doesn’t make a floor.

One goat cannot carry another goat’s tail.

One cry of “Thief!” and the whole marketplace is on the lookout.

Compare Niger with other countries


Compare Niger with its neighbours

Country location

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National Flag of Niger ????????

How to pronounce NigerHow to pronounce Niger