National Symbols of Lebanon

Lebanon, officially known as the Lebanese Republic, is a small country situated in the Middle East on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Despite Lebanon’s small population, it is the most diverse nation in the Middle East, with Sunni, Shia, Christian, and Druze populations. The capital is Beirut and the official language is Arabic followed by French and English that are widely spoken in the country. The monetary unit is the Lebanese Pounds (LBP).

The 22nd of November marks Lebanon’s National Day, which is also recognized as the Day of liberation from French rule.

The country was founded by Bechara Elkhoury who was the first post-independence President, Riad Elsoloh, the first Prime Minister, and the Lebanese Druze Leader Emir Majid Arslan.

The national monument Hope for Peace in Yarze was built to commemorate the end of the civil war in 1190 that lead to a lot of bloodsheds as represented in the red color on the flag. The white color for the snow-covered mountains along with the ever-green national Cedar. While Cedar represents the national emblem, Cyclamen is the national flower known for its distinctive lily pad-like leaves. The Striped hyena is Lebanon’s national animal and is rarely seen ..

The Lebanese national anthem was written by Rashid Nakhle and composed by Wadih Sabra. It was officially adopted when independence was declared in 1943.

As poetry is a highly appreciated art, many poets like Khalil Gibran and Saeed Akel represent a national Lebanese symbol.

Another famous art is cooking! “Kibbeh” represents the Lebanese national dish. It’s made of lamb meat, bulgur, and spices.

The national custom consists of baggy trousers “Sherwal” accompanied with a shirt, vest, and matching headgear. Often this custom is worn while performing “Dabkeh”, an Arabic folk dance that is recognized as a national symbol in Lebanon. Dabkeh combines circular, line dancing, and much stomping.

Speaking of stomping, Lebanese are big fans of sports especially football that is popular among all generations.

Country information

Official name(s) The Lebanese Republic
Alternative name(s) Al-Jumhuriyya Al-Lubnaniyya (official, Arabic)
Regional location Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria
Country name etymology "white" and "milk"derived from the Semitic root "LBN".
Climate Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows
Terrain Narrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains
Population 6,825,445
National Day 22 Nov 1943
Language(s) Arabic
Religion Islam, Christianity
Country code +961
Literacy rate 91.2%
Currency Lebanese pound
Capital city Beirut
ISO LBN
Domain(TLD) .lb
Ethnicity Lebanese
Head of government President of the Council of Ministers
Nationality Lebanese
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+2 (EET)
Average elevation 1,250 m (4,101 ft)
Coastline 225 Km
Mains electricity 220 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Lebanon

Flag map of Lebanon

Motto of Lebanon

كلنا للوطن ، للعلا للعلم - "We are all for the Country, the Sublime and the Flag"

National animal of Lebanon

The National animal of Lebanon is Striped hyena

National Animal of Lebanon - Striped hyena

National flower of Lebanon

The National flower of Lebanon is Cyclamen. Botanical name is Cyclamen Persicum.

National flower of Lebanon - Cyclamen

National bird of Lebanon

The National bird of Lebanon is Asian Crimson-winged Finch

National bird of Lebanon - Asian Crimson-winged Finch

Rest of the National symbols of Lebanon 👇

Neighbouring countries of Lebanon

Lebanese Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

It’s a goat even if it flies.

The son of your son is yours, the son of your daughter is not.

If you fall in love let her be a beauty; if you should steal, let it be a camel.

You say it’s a he-goat, he asks you to milk it.

Don’t come near the scorpion, but sleep around the snake.

Hygiene is two thirds of health.

The camel limped because of his lips.

You become like that which you own.

A dog will always be a dog, even if he is raised by lions.

A cemetery never refuses a corpse.

Do today what you want to postpone until tomorrow.

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Country location

National Flag of Lebanon 🇱🇧