National Symbols of Eritrea

Last updated on August 19th, 2023 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

By | Updated on August 19, 2023

Reviewed by Rittika

Eritrea is a country in Africa. The official name of Eritrea is the State of Eritrea. It shares borders with 3 countries: SudanEthiopia, and Djibouti. The people of Eritrea are called Eritreans. The country is situated in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan.

Etymology discusses where a term is considered to have originated from and how its meaning has changed over time. Etymology has been a factor in the naming of countries all across the world, and Eritrea has also been influenced. The etymology of Eritrea can be defined as; “Land of the Red Sea”, adopted in 1993 upon independence from Ethiopia.

An ethnicity is a group or sub-group of people who are connected based on common characteristics which may include religion, origin, language, traditions, or culture. The ethnic groups in Eritrea include Tigrinya, Tigre, Saho, Kunama, and Rashaida.

Eritrean Airlines is the national airline of Eritrea. The national colors of the country are Green, blue, red, and yellow. The emoji flag of the country is ????????, and the ISO code is ERI.

Eritrea is known for its Colonial architectural structures. The national dish of Eritrea is Zigni. Suwa, in addition to being a traditional beverage, is one of the country’s national drinks. The national instrument of Eritrea is the lyre.

The country has the time zone UTC+3 (EAT) followed by yyy/mm/dd as the standard date format.

Eritrea is divided into 6 regions. The capital of the country is Asmara, which is also the largest city in Eritrea.

The literacy rate in Eritrea is 64.7%.

The country’s total area is 117,600 km2 (45,400 sq mi), and the total population is 3,546,421. The country’s average elevation is 853 m (2,799 ft), whereas the country’s terrain can be defined as; Dominated by an extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains. The country’s usual climate is hot; desert strip along the Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands.

The area of land next to a sea is called the coast, and a coastline is defined as the line where land and sea meet. Eritrea has 2,234 km of coastline.

The Eritrean nakfa serves as the national unit of currency, and the Bank of Eritrea is recognized as the country’s central bank. The domain for Eritrea is .er and the country code is +291. Camel is the country’s coat of arms.

Museums are known to educate and connect visitors with the nation’s history, culture, civilization, art, and architecture. The National Museum of Eritrea serves the same purpose and is considered one of the most significant tourist attractions. The National Museum of Eritrea is home to a large collection of artifacts. It has been designated as the national museum of the country.

The national dress of Eritrea is the Habesha kemis, and 24 May is designated as National Day. In Eritrea, the majority of the population practices Christianity, and Islam as their religion.

Nature is a blessing from God and we must protect it because it provides us with the oxygen and food to survive. It also helps to keep our environment beautiful and clean. To emphasize the significance of nature, Eritrea has selected a few forces of nature as national symbols. Eritrea’s national animal is the Arabian camel, and the national flower is Gerbera daisy flower. The highest peak is Soira.

Mythical creatures can be found in the literature and mythologies of many different nations. They represent imaginative representations of various creatures, humans, or hybrids. They are known for their specific features, supernatural abilities, and distinctive appearance. The mythical creature of Eritrea is Zar.

Sports have always played an important role in developing the social and cultural structure of Eritrea and other countries. When it comes to designating a sport as the official symbol, Football is considered the country’s national sport.

Isaias Afwerki is the founder of Eritrea. The country’s national anthem was written by Solomon Tsehaye Beraki, and composed by Isaac Abraham Meharezghi and Aron Tekle Tesfatsion.

The country’s national hero is Hamid Idris Awate.

Due to their unique qualities and rich cultural or historical backgrounds, national monuments around the world are of great importance. Hawulti is recognized as the national monument of the country. It attracts visitors from all around the world.

Numerous organizations are working on a global level to improve the current state of affairs and to collaborate in order to establish and maintain constructive partnerships. Eritrea is a member of the African Union (AU), and United Nations (UN). Eritrea collaborates with them to organize, analyze, and address various events and situations.

“دولة إرترݐا (Dawlat Iritrīya), “Hagere Ertra” – “State of Eritrea” is the official motto of the country.

Isaias Afwerki is the current President of Eritrea.

Eritrea has declared Tigrinya, Tigre, and Arabic as the country’s official languages.

– Learn about Eritrea flag color codes and their meanings –

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Eritrea can be found in the table of contents –


  • Naeem Noor

    As a graduate in Modern Literature, my fascination with symbolism, especially the symbolism of nations, drives my work at SymbolHunt. Through my articles, I passionately delve into the hidden meanings behind national emblems and motifs. Drawing on my expertise in language and culture, I invite readers to join me on a journey of exploration into the rich tapestry of symbolism that defines our world, fostering a deeper appreciation for our shared cultural heritage.

Country information

Former name(s) Mdree-Bahree
Official name(s) State of Eritrea
Alternative name(s) State of Eritrea (official, English), Italian Eritrea (former, English)
Regional location Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan
Country name etymology "Land of the Red Sea", adopted in 1993 upon independence from Ethiopia.
Climate Hot, dry desert strip along the Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands
Terrain Dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains
Population 3,546,421
National Day 24 May 1993
Language(s) Tigrinya, Tigre, and Arabic
Religion Christianity, and Islam
Country code +291
Literacy rate 64.7%
Currency Eritrean nakfa
Capital city Asmara
Domain(TLD) .er
Ethnicity Tigrinya, Tigre, Saho, Kunama, and Rashaida
Head of government President
Nationality Eritrean
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format yyy/mm/dd
Total area 117,600 km² (45,400 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+3 (EAT)
Average elevation 853 m (2,799 ft)
Coastline 2,234 km
Mains electricity 230 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Eritrea

Flag map of Eritrea

Motto of Eritrea

دولة إرترݐا (Dawlat Iritrīya), "Hagere Ertra" - "State of Eritrea"

National animal of Eritrea

The National animal of Eritrea is Arabian camel

National Animal of Eritrea - Arabian camel

National flower of Eritrea

The National flower of Eritrea is Gerbera daisy flower. Botanical name is Gerbera.

National flower of Eritrea - Gerbera daisy flower

National bird of Eritrea

The National bird of Eritrea is Not Declared

Rest of the National symbols of Eritrea 👇

Neighbouring countries of Eritrea

Eritrean Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

Advise and counsel him; if he does not listen, let adversity teach him.

What one hopes for is always better than what one has.

The point of the needle must pass first.

Do not triumph before the victory.

The witness of a rat is another rat.

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Compare Eritrea with its neighbours

Country location

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National Flag of Eritrea ????????

How to pronounce EritreaHow to pronounce Eritrea