The Republic of Indonesia is the largest island-based country in the world. It shares borders with Papua New Guinea and Malaysia. The capital is Jakarta. The total population is 188.2 million people. The vast majority (96%) are Malays, Indians, Melanesians, Arabs, Europeans, and Chinese. The absolute majority of the population is Muslim. The island of Bali is a stronghold of Hinduism.
The official language is Indonesian, but residents prefer to speak the local dialects, of which there are about 250.
The currency is the Indonesian rupiah. In 1 rupee – 100 sen. The domain is .id and the country code is +62.
In 2005, The Hague officially recognized August 17, 1945, as Indonesia’s independence Day. August 17 is celebrated annually in Indonesia as a national holiday – Independence Day.
National symbols of Indonesia are Indonesian flag, Coat of Arms, Motto, Komodo Dragon and Javan Hawk-Eagle.
Motto of Republic of Indonesia is Bhinneka Tunggal lka. It is a phrase in Old Javanese, literally meaning “(Though) in parts, yet one” or otherwise: “unity in diversity”.
Javan Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi), locally known as Elang Jawa was declared as one of the national symbols of Indonesia in 1993. The Javan Hawk-eagle is only found on the island of Java, Indonesia and is one of the world’s least known but most endangered raptors.
Komodo dragons have thrived in the harsh climate of Indonesia’s Lesser Sunda Islands for millions of years. They prefer the islands’ tropical forests but can be found across the islands.They are not harmful to humans. For this reason, they have made this animal as one of the national symbols of Indonesia.
Nasi goreng is the national dish in Indonesia, consisting of fried rice, eggs, shrimp or chicken, dried fish, goat meat, as well as chili peppers and vegetables.View the national symbols of Indonesia below: