The Republic of Indonesia is the largest island-based country in the world. It shares borders with Papua New Guinea and Malaysia. The capital is Jakarta. The total population is 188.2 million people. The vast majority (96%) are Malays, Indians, Melanesians, Arabs, Europeans, and Chinese. The absolute majority of the population is Muslim. The island of Bali is a stronghold of Hinduism.
The official language is Indonesian, but residents prefer to speak the local dialects, of which there are about 250.
The currency is the Indonesian rupiah. In 1 rupee – 100 sen. The domain is .id and the country code is +62.
In 2005, The Hague officially recognized August 17, 1945, as Indonesia’s independence Day. August 17 is celebrated annually in Indonesia as a national holiday – Independence Day.
National symbols of Indonesia are Indonesian flag, Coat of Arms, Motto, Komodo Dragon and Javan Hawk-Eagle.
Motto of Republic of Indonesia is Bhinneka Tunggal lka. It is a phrase in Old Javanese, literally meaning “(Though) in parts, yet one” or otherwise: “unity in diversity”.
Javan Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi), locally known as Elang Jawa was declared as one of the national symbols of Indonesia in 1993. The Javan Hawk-eagle is only found on the island of Java, Indonesia and is one of the world’s least known but most endangered raptors.
Komodo dragons have thrived in the harsh climate of Indonesia’s Lesser Sunda Islands for millions of years. They prefer the islands’ tropical forests but can be found across the islands.They are not harmful to humans. For this reason, they have made this animal as one of the national symbols of Indonesia.
Nasi goreng is the national dish in Indonesia, consisting of fried rice, eggs, shrimp or chicken, dried fish, goat meat, as well as chili peppers and vegetables.
|Official name(s)||Republic of Indonesia|
|Alternative name(s)||Nusantara (dating back from Hindu era)|
|Regional location||Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean|
|Country name etymology||"Indian Islands" in Greek (Ινδoνησία), apparently invented in the mid-19th century to mean "Indies Islands", from the islands' previous name "East Indies".|
|Climate||Tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands|
|Terrain||Mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains|
|National Day||17 Aug 1945|
|Religion||Islam, Christianity & Hinduism|
|Ethnicity||Over 600 ethnic groups|
|Head of government||President|
|Driving side||Drive on the Left-hand side|
|Total area||1,904,569 km2 (735,358 sq mi)|
|Timezone||UTC+7 to +9 (various)|
|Average elevation||367 m (1,204 ft)|
|Mains electricity||230 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of Indonesia is Komodo dragon
The National flower of Indonesia is Melati . Botanical name is Jasminum Sambac.
The National bird of Indonesia is Javan Hawk-eagle
With willingness, there is a possibility. A man finds what he takes to be small; it will only be big again when he loses it. A person slips, and a ladder falls on him. Moth will eat the finest linen. An empty drum gives loud sound. Be sick then have fun. Before you let your voice be heard, first lick your lips. Better one bird in the hand than 10 birds on the tree. Beware, the enemy lies under your blanket. Calm water does not mean there are no crocodiles. Cannot dance but blame the floor as uneven. Death is the bride of life.