National Symbols of Indonesia

Last updated on March 11th, 2023 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

By | Updated on March 11, 2023

Reviewed by Rittika

The Republic of Indonesia is the largest island-based country in the world. It shares borders with Papua New Guinea and Malaysia. The capital is Jakarta. The total population is 188.2 million people. The vast majority (96%) are Malays, Indians, Melanesians, Arabs, Europeans, and Chinese. The absolute majority of the population is Muslim. The island of Bali is a stronghold of Hinduism.

The official language is Indonesian, but residents prefer to speak the local dialects, of which there are about 250.

The currency is the Indonesian rupiah. In 1 rupee – 100 sen. The domain is .id and the country code is +62.

In 2005, The Hague officially recognized August 17, 1945, as Indonesia’s independence Day. August 17 is celebrated annually in Indonesia as a national holiday – Independence Day.
National symbols of Indonesia are the Indonesian flag, Coat of Arms, Motto, Komodo Dragon, and Javan Hawk-Eagle.

Motto of Republic of Indonesia is Bhinneka Tunggal lka. It is a phrase in Old Javanese, literally meaning “(Though) in parts, yet one” or otherwise: “unity in diversity”.
Javan Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi), locally known as Elang Jawa was declared one of the national symbols of Indonesia in 1993. The Javan Hawk-eagle is only found on the island of Java, Indonesia, and is one of the world’s least known but most endangered raptors.

Komodo dragons have thrived in the harsh climate of Indonesia’s Lesser Sunda Islands for millions of years. They prefer the islands’ tropical forests but can be found across the islands. They are not harmful to humans. For this reason, they have made this animal one of the national symbols of Indonesia.

Nasi goreng is the national dish in Indonesia, consisting of fried rice, eggs, shrimp or chicken, dried fish, goat meat, as well as chili peppers and vegetables.

Joko Widodo is the current President of Indonesia.

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Indonesia can be found in the table of contents –


  • Naeem Noor

    As a graduate in Modern Literature, my fascination with symbolism, especially the symbolism of nations, drives my work at SymbolHunt. Through my articles, I passionately delve into the hidden meanings behind national emblems and motifs. Drawing on my expertise in language and culture, I invite readers to join me on a journey of exploration into the rich tapestry of symbolism that defines our world, fostering a deeper appreciation for our shared cultural heritage.

Country information

Former name(s) Dutch East Indies
Official name(s) Republic of Indonesia
Alternative name(s) Nusantara (dating back from Hindu era)
Regional location Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Country name etymology "Indian Islands" in Greek (Ινδoνησία), apparently invented in the mid-19th century to mean "Indies Islands", from the islands' previous name "East Indies"
Climate Tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
Terrain Mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains
Population 273,523,615
National Day 17 Aug 1945
Language(s) Indonesian
Religion Islam, Christianity, and Hinduism
Country code +62
Literacy rate 95.4%
Currency Indonesian rupiah
Capital city Jakarta
Domain(TLD) .id
Ethnicity Over 600 ethnic groups
Head of government President
Nationality Indonesian
Driving side Drive on the Left-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 1,904,569 km² (735,358 sq mi)
Timezone UTC+7 to +9 (various)
Average elevation 367 m (1,204 ft)
Coastline 54,716 km
Mains electricity 230 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Indonesia

Flag map of Indonesia

Motto of Indonesia

Bhinneka Tunggal Ika - "Unity in diversity"

National animal of Indonesia

The National animal of Indonesia is Komodo Dragon

National Animal of Indonesia - Komodo Dragon

National flower of Indonesia

The National flower of Indonesia is Melati. Botanical name is Jasminum Sambac.

National flower of Indonesia - Melati

National bird of Indonesia

The National bird of Indonesia is Javan Hawk-eagle

National bird of Indonesia - Javan Hawk-eagle

Rest of the National symbols of Indonesia 👇

Neighbouring countries of Indonesia

Indonesian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

With willingness, there is a possibility.

A man finds what he takes to be small; it will only be big again when he loses it.

A person slips, and a ladder falls on him.

Moth will eat the finest linen.

An empty drum gives loud sound.

Be sick then have fun.

Before you let your voice be heard, first lick your lips.

Better one bird in the hand than 10 birds on the tree.

Beware, the enemy lies under your blanket.

Calm water does not mean there are no crocodiles.

Cannot dance but blame the floor as uneven.

Death is the bride of life.

Compare Indonesia with other countries


Compare Indonesia with its neighbours

Country location

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How to pronounce IndonesiaHow to pronounce Indonesia