National Symbols of Ghana

Last updated on August 27th, 2023 by Editorial Staff

Table Of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Country Information
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Flag map
  5. Country motto
  6. National animal
  7. National flower
  8. National bird
  9. Rest of national symbols
  10. State symbols
  11. Neighbouring countries
  12. Proverbs & sayings
  13. Compare with other countries
  14. Location

Located in West Africa between the Ivory Coast and Togo, Ghana or the Republic of Ghana has its northern border to Burkina Faso and a southern border to the Gulf of Guinea. The country’s landscape features plains and low plateaus covered by rainforests in the west and Lake Volta in the east. The capital city is Accra which sits in the south of the country. The population consists of Akans, Mole-Dagbon, Ewe, & Ga-Adangbes, and the official languages are Akan and English. Ghanaians are mainly Christians, but there are also minorities belonging to other religions. The monetary unit is called Ghanaian cedi. The country code is +233, and the official domain is “.gh.”

“Freedom And Justice” is the Ghanaian official motto written on the Black Star Gate monument, erected by the country’s founder and the national hero Kwame Nkrumah. He was the first prime minister of Ghana who led the country to independence from Britain on the 6th of March 1957, celebrated as the national day of independence. Red, yellow, green, and black is the national colors that create the flag of Ghana. The flag features red, yellow, and green horizontal bands from top to bottom with a 5-point black star in the middle.

The bald eagle is the national animal and national bird of the country, which also appears in the national emblem with black stars, another country symbol. Hibiscus Flowers are the national flowers along with Big Trees which are the national trees, important country symbols. Ackee is the national fruit endemic to the region. Fufu is the national dish that is a dough-like food made from fresh or fermented cassava. On the other hand, Akpeteshie is the national drink, a spirit produced by distilling palm wine or sugar cane. As mentioned before, Black Star Square in Accra is the national monument, along with the Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum And Memorial Park, which houses the tomb of the national hero Kwame Nkrumah.

Gyil, a type of xylophone, is considered the national instrument. The national dance is called Adowa Dance, a popular traditional dance in Ghana performed at cultural ceremonies like festivals, funerals, engagements, and celebrations. It is an exceptionally energetic and fun dance that allows people to communicate their emotions and feelings through their hands and feet. The dance is mainly performed with the national dress Ghanaian Smock with its beautiful colors. On the other hand, the locally famous poet Atukwei John Okai is the national poet of Ghana.

The national airline is called Ghana Airways.

Nana Akufo-Addo is the current President of Ghana.

– Learn about Ghana flag color codes and their meanings –

– Further information regarding the symbols and knowledge of Ghana can be found in the table of contents –

Country information

Former name(s) Gold Coast
Official name(s) Republic of Ghana
Alternative name(s) Republic of Ghana (official, English)
Regional location Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Country name etymology "Warrior King" adopted at J. B. Danquah's suggestion upon the union of Gold Coast with British Togoland in 1956 or upon independence on 6 March 1957
Climate Tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in the north
Terrain Mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area
Population 31,072,940
National Day 6 Mar 1957
Language(s) Akan, English
Religion Christianity Protestantism, and Catholicism
Country code +233
Literacy rate 71.5%
Currency Ghanaian cedi
Capital city Accra
Domain(TLD) .gh
Ethnicity Akans, Mole-Dagbon, Ewe, and Ga-Adangbe
Head of government President
Nationality Ghanaian
Driving side Drive on the Right-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 239,567 km² (92,497 sq mi)
Timezone UTC (GMT)
Average elevation 190 m (623 ft)
Coastline 539 km
Mains electricity 230 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Coat of arms

Flag map of Ghana

Flag map of Ghana

Motto of Ghana

"Freedom and Justice"

National animal of Ghana

The National animal of Ghana is Tawny Eagle

National Animal of Ghana - Tawny Eagle

National flower of Ghana

The National flower of Ghana is Rose-Mallow. Botanical name is Hibiscus.

National flower of Ghana - Rose-Mallow

National bird of Ghana

The National bird of Ghana is Bald eagle

National bird of Ghana - Bald eagle

Rest of the National symbols of Ghana 👇

Neighbouring countries of Ghana

Ghanaian Proverbs - Popular quotes, proverbs and sayings.

When a king has good counsellors, his reign is peaceful.

Loving someone who does not love you is like loving the rain that falls in the forest.

Only the fool points at his origins with his left hand.

When you are rich, you are hated; when you are poor, you are despised.

The rich man may wear old clothes.

The white man lives in the castle; when he dies, he lies in the ground.

Rain wets a leopard’s skin, but it does not wash out the spots.

When a bachelor goes to sleep, he does not hide his entire body in the mosquito net.

He who tests the depth of a stream with both feet must be prepared to swim.

A woman is a flower in a garden; her husband is the fence around it.

The rain wets the leopard’s spots but does not wash them off.

The wealth of the greedy ultimately goes to the community.

It is Mr. Old-Man-Monkey who marries Mrs. Old-Woman-Monkey.

Compare Ghana with other countries


Compare Ghana with its neighbours

Country location

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