Last updated on August 19th, 2023 by Editorial Staff
Egypt is a country that links northeast Africa with the Middle East dating back to the pharaohs’ reign. The Nile River and Delta, Egypt’s heartland, were home to one of the Middle East’s ancient civilizations. Egypt is the most populous region in the Arab world! Islam is the official religion and Arabic is the spoken language. The monetary unit is the Egyptian Pound (EGP).
Cairo, the capital, is the largest city in the country set on the Nile River. Egyptians celebrate the national day on the 23rd of July, which marks the Egyptian Revolution. Saad Zaghloul, the Egyptian Revolutionary and Statesman, is the national founder of Egypt.
Red, white, and black are the national colors of the Egyptian flag. Red symbolizes the blood of the martyrs, white is for peace, and black reflects the dark period of occupation.
The national anthem starts with Biladi which means “my homeland”. It was written by Mohamed Younis al-Qady and the music was composed by Sayed Darwish. Poetry has played an essential role in Egyptian culture. The Prince of Poets, Ahmed Shawqi, leader of the Modern Literary Egyptian Movement is considered the national poet.
We can’t talk about Egypt without mentioning the great Pyramids! The Great Pyramid of Giza is the most ancient and largest in Egypt thus it’s the national monument,
“Tahtib” which refers to dancing with a stick, is the national folk dance that is performed to the tune of Mizmar. The national dress is the “Kaftan” worn over the gallabiyya; a long garment with long sleeves.
Almost everybody is familiar with Egypt’s Kushari! This national dish, popular street food, is made of rice, lentils, chickpeas, and macaroni, topped with hot tomato sauce and fried onions! Now whether it’s daytime or nighttime, Egyptians love their cup of tea! Tea is the national drink.
The Egyptian lotus flower is the national flower. It’s a symbol of the sun and rebirth, while hyphae thebaica is the national tree. It is a type of palm tree with edible fruit.
Egypt’s national bird is the steppe eagle and the golden eagle is the national animal.
Football is by far the most popular sport and is thus the national sport of Egypt.
|Official name(s)||Arab Republic of Egypt|
|Alternative name(s)||Miṣr (formal shortened, Arabic)|
|Regional location||Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula|
|Country name etymology||"Home of the ka of Ptah", from Latin.|
|Climate||Desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters|
|Terrain||Vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta|
|National Day||23 Jul 1952|
|Ethnicity||Nubians, Greeks, Copts, Caucasian race|
|Head of government||Prime Minister|
|Driving side||Drive on the Right-hand side|
|Total area||1,010,408 km² (390,121 sq mi)|
|Average elevation||321 m (1,053 ft)|
|Mains electricity||220 V|
|Emergency telephone numbers||Emergency Telephone Numbers|
The National animal of Egypt is Steppe eagle
The National flower of Egypt is Egyptian Lotus. Botanical name is Nymphaea Lotus.
The National bird of Egypt is Steppe eagle
The carpenter’s door is falling apart. If there were no fault, there would be no pardon. To know means to record in one’s memory; but to understand means to blend with the thing and to assimilate it oneself. Better half a donkey than half a camel. Man, know yourself… and you shall know the gods. The eye doesn’t go higher than the brow. Silence is the best answer to the stupid. No discussion can throw light if it wanders from the real point. Be patient with a bad neighbour: he may move or face misfortune. He who knows not shame does whatever he likes.