Situated on the Caspian Sea, in the North Caucasus of Eastern Europe, Dagestan is a republic of the Russian Federation. As one of Russia’s most linguistically and ethnically diverse republics, Dagestan is home to Avars, Dargins, Kumyks, Lezgians, Laks, and many more ethnicities. There are many languages spoken, but the dominant ones are Russian, Aghul, and Avar, North Caucasian and Turkic languages, and people are mainly Muslims in the country. The capital and biggest city is Makhachkala, located in the middle of the country on the coast of the Caspian Sea. The monetary unit is Rubles; the country code is 872, while the official domain is “.ru.”
As a part of the old communist Soviet Union, Dagestan’s official motto is “Workers of all countries, Unite!” The founder and the national hero is Imam Shamil, who was the political, military, and spiritual leader of Caucasian resistance to Imperial Russia in the 19th century. The national day is the 20th of January, as the country was established during the Russian Civil War in 1921. The national colors of Dagestan are green, blue, and red, which create the national flag as horizontal bands, respectively.
The eagle is the national bird of the country, which is shown in the coat of arms. The country’s national dish is Khinkali, a type of dumpling found in the North Caucasus that is similar to Turkish manti or Italian ravioli. The national dress is Chokha, which is a typically white woolen coat with a high neck. Dagestan’s national sport is Wrestling, while the national poet is regarded as Rasul Gamzatov. He is quite an important figure in Soviet countries, and he has a statue in Makhachkala, which is the country’s national monument. Lastly, the national Dagestan airline is called OJSC Dagestan Airlines.View the national symbols of Dagestan below: